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Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits plant growth and agriculture productivity. To cope with salt stress, plants have evolved complex salt-responsive signaling and metabolic processes at the cellular, organ, and whole-plant levels. Investigation of the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying plant salinity tolerance will provide(More)
Soil salinity is contributed largely by NaCl but some halophytes such as Sesuvium portulacastrum have evolved to adapt salinity environment and demonstrate optimal development under moderate salinity. To elucidate the detail mechanisms of the great salt tolerance and determine the respective contributions of Na(+), K(+) and Cl(-) on the development of S.(More)
Mature pollen grains (PGs) from most plant species are metabolically quiescent. However, once pollinated onto stigma, they quickly hydrate and germinate. A PG can give rise to a vegetative cell-derived polarized pollen tube (PT), which represents a specialized polar cell. The polarized PT grows by the tip and requires interaction of different signaling(More)
Understanding the role of different subtypes of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment is essential for improving cancer treatment. Enriched γδ1 T-cell populations in TILs suppress T-cell responses and dendritic cell maturation in breast cancer, where their presence is correlated negatively with clinical(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages play a critical role in breast tumor progression; however, it is still unclear what effector molecular mechanisms they employ to impact tumorigenesis. Ferritin is the primary intracellular iron storage protein and is also abundant in circulation. In breast cancer patients, ferritin is detected at higher levels in both serum and(More)
Six new cycloartane triterpene glycosides (1-6), beesiosides A-F, were isolated from whole plants of Beesia calthaefolia, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR experiments and chemical methods. Beesiosides A-F were assigned as (20S,24R)-epoxy-9,19-cyclolanostane-3beta,16beta,18,25-tetraol-3-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (1),(More)
Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are emerging contaminants of environmental concern. Heterotrophic bacteria in activated sludge have an important role in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, the fate of cultivable heterotrophic ARB and ARGs in WWPTs process remains unclear. In the present study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factors (TGF)-beta1, TGF-betaR2 and Smad4 belong to the TGF family, and play important roles in carcinogenesis and the development of carcinoma, especially hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TGF-beta1 is a multipotent polypeptide, which inhibits the growth of epithelial cells including hepatoma cell lines and hepatocytes by(More)
TBAI could catalyze the direct oxidative C-N coupling of 2-aminopyridines with β-keto esters and 1,3-diones, which affords imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines as the products. The reaction was realized under metal-free conditions by using tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as the oxidant.
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to detect the expression of apoptosis factor caspase-3 in transferred HepG2 cells and provide feasible evaluation of the treatment for primary liver cancer with gene methods. METHODS The pcDNA4C-LIGHT cDNA was extracted from Escherichia coli JM-109; then, the pcDNA4C-LIGHT cDNA was transferred into the HepG2 cells by a(More)