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Although gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)C receptor rho1, rho2 and rho3 subunits are reportedly expressed in pyramidal and granule cells in the hippocampus at various developmental stages, it is not clear whether these three rho subunits are coexpressed in a single neuron. To attempt to answer this question, we performed single-cell RT-PCR for rho subunits(More)
Mucins are high molecular weight glycoproteins secreted by salivary glands and epithelial cells lining the digestive, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. These glycoproteins, encoded in at least 13 distinct human genes, can be subdivided into gel-forming and membrane-associated forms. The gel-forming mucin MUC5B is secreted by mucous acinar cells in major(More)
In our previous study, anti-apoptotic effects of GABA(C)-receptor stimulation was suppressed by inhibitors of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), implying GABA(C) receptor-mediated PKA activation. The present study showed that GABA(C)-receptor stimulation with its agonist, cis-4-aminocrotonic acid (CACA), protected cultured hippocampal neurons from amyloid(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to afford protection against neurodegenerative disorders in humans and experimental animals, yet little study elucidates whether it works in glaucomatous optic neuropathy. OBJECTIVE This study aims to investigate whether ALA possesses neuroprotection against hydrostatic pressure-induced damage(More)
The proliferative activity of neural precursors from the subventricular zone (SVZ) was investigated after a unilateral lesion was formed in the nigrostriatal pathway in adult rats. The lesion was formed by unilateral injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the nigrostriatal pathway, and then bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected (ip) for 4 days or 2(More)
As a kind of medicine which can also be used as food, Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. has a long clinical history in China. A variety of studies demonstrated the significant neuroprotective activity effects of chloroform (CF) extract from the fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla. In order to further elucidate the possible mechanisms of CF extract which mainly contains(More)
The effects of anxiolytic honokiol derivative, dihydrohonokiol-B (DHH-B), on amyloid beta protein (Abeta(25-35), 10 nM)-induced changes in Cl(-)-ATPase activity, intracellular Cl- concentration ([Cl-]i) and glutamate neurotoxicity were examined in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. DHH-B (10 ng/ml) recovered Abeta-induced decrease in neuronal Cl(-)-ATPase(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene Ile105Val polymorphism has been suggested to be involved in the development of glioma. However, the results from the studies regarding the association between GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism and glioma risk have been inconsistent. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate this association. Pooled odds ratios(More)
We previously found that pathophysiological concentrations (< or = 10 nm) of an amyloid beta protein (Abeta25-35) reduced the plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol monophosphate level in cultured rat hippocampal neurons with a decrease in phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate-dependent Cl- -ATPase activity. As this suggested an inhibitory effect of Abeta25-35(More)
It has been suggested that propofol can modulate microglial activity and hence may have potential roles against neuroinflammation following brain ischemic insult. However, whether and how propofol can inhibit post-cardiac arrest brain injury via inhibition of microglia activation remains unclear. A rat model of asphyxia cardiac arrest (CA) was created(More)