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Expression of the src homology 3 (SH3) domain-containing expressed in tumorigenic astrocytes (SETA) gene is associated with the tumorigenic state in astrocytes. SETA encodes a variety of adapter proteins containing either one or two SH3 domains, as suggested by the sequence heterogeneity of isolated cDNAs. Using both SH3 domains in a yeast two-hybrid screen(More)
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) is a key enzyme in the formation and regulation of the folate one-carbon pool. Recent studies on human subjects have shown the existence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms that may be associated with several disease states. One of these mutations results in Ser394 being converted to an Asn (S394N) and the other in(More)
The low affinity receptor for IgE, CD23, is the natural regulator of IgE synthesis, and understanding both the synthesis and the catabolism of CD23 are, thus, important issues. Membrane CD23 is cleaved by a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) and this cleavage influences the ability of CD23 to regulate IgE. In contrast to the belief that cleavage(More)
Betel quid (BQ) is a widely accepted etiological factor for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in Southeast Asia, but how BQ chewing leads to oral carcinogenesis remains to be elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that the activation of Src family kinases (SFKs) is critical for BQ-induced oral cancer cell motility. Here we investigate whether this(More)
Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is the main transport protein for thyroxine (T4) in blood. It shares considerable sequence homology with alpha 1-antitrypsin (AT) and other members of the serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin) superfamily of proteins. The crystallographic structure of AT has been determined and was found to represent the archetype of the(More)
The principal transport protein for T4 in human blood, thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG), binds T4 with an exceptionally high affinity (Ka = 10(10) M(-1)). Its homology to the superfamily of the serpins has recently been used in the design of chimeric proteins, providing experimental evidence that an eight-stranded beta-barrel domain encompasses the(More)
Type I interferons (IFNs) are potent inducers of antiviral and antiproliferative activities in vertebrates. IFNs cause activation of genes encoding antiviral proteins, such as p56 from the IFN-stimulated gene family. There are six tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motifs located at the N-terminal sequence of p56. Since TPR motifs are known to participate in(More)
Puerariae radix (PR) is a popular natural herb and a traditional food in Asia, which has antithrombotic and anti-allergic properties and stimulates estrogenic activity. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the PR isoflavones puerarin, daidzein, and genistein on the growth of breast cancer cells. Our data revealed that after treatment with PR(More)
The anticancer effects of (-)-anonaine were investigated in this current study. (-)-Anonaine at concentration ranges of 50-200 μM exhibited significant inhibition to cell growth and migration activities on human lung cancer H1299 cells at 24 h, albeit cell cycle analyses showed that (-)-anonaine at the above concentration ranges did not cause any(More)
Chemical conjugations of nucleic acids with macromolecules or small molecules are common approaches to study nucleic acids in chemistry and biology and to exploit nucleic acids for medical applications. The conjugation of nucleic acids such as oligonucleotides with peptides is especially useful to circumvent cell delivery and specificity problems of(More)