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Biodegradation of three nonionic surfactants, Tergitol 15-S-X (X=7, 9 and 12), and their effects on the biodegradation of phenanthrene by marine bacteria, Neptunomonas naphthovorans, were studied. The experimental outcomes could be fit well with the first-order biodegradation kinetics model. It was observed that the biodegradability of these surfactants(More)
Growth assays were conducted to determine the dietary arginine and lysine requirements of mule ducklings. The metabolizable energy content of the basal diets used for the arginine and lysine requirement studies was 2810 and 2828 kcal/kg, respectively. Two-day-old ducklings of mixed sexes were fed on a starter diet for one week, fasted for 8 to 12 hr and(More)
Betel quid (BQ) is a widely accepted etiological factor for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in Southeast Asia, but how BQ chewing leads to oral carcinogenesis remains to be elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that the activation of Src family kinases (SFKs) is critical for BQ-induced oral cancer cell motility. Here we investigate whether this(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate if carotenoids could alleviate the adverse effects caused by aflatoxin with respect to growth performance and immune response. In two experiments, a total of 320 mule ducklings were assigned to 5 treatments, i.e. control, aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) 200 ppb, AFB(1) +beta-carotene (BC) 200 ppm, AFB(1)+BC 400 ppm, and(More)
Type I interferons (IFNs) are potent inducers of antiviral and antiproliferative activities in vertebrates. IFNs cause activation of genes encoding antiviral proteins, such as p56 from the IFN-stimulated gene family. There are six tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motifs located at the N-terminal sequence of p56. Since TPR motifs are known to participate in(More)
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) is a key enzyme in the formation and regulation of the folate one-carbon pool. Recent studies on human subjects have shown the existence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms that may be associated with several disease states. One of these mutations results in Ser394 being converted to an Asn (S394N) and the other in(More)
The low affinity receptor for IgE, CD23, is the natural regulator of IgE synthesis, and understanding both the synthesis and the catabolism of CD23 are, thus, important issues. Membrane CD23 is cleaved by a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) and this cleavage influences the ability of CD23 to regulate IgE. In contrast to the belief that cleavage(More)
The anticancer effects of (-)-anonaine were investigated in this current study. (-)-Anonaine at concentration ranges of 50-200 μM exhibited significant inhibition to cell growth and migration activities on human lung cancer H1299 cells at 24 h, albeit cell cycle analyses showed that (-)-anonaine at the above concentration ranges did not cause any(More)
This current work was to investigate the biological effects of acidic cosmetic water (ACW) on various biological assays. ACW was isolated from seawater and demonstrated several bio-functions at various concentration ranges. ACW showed a satisfactory effect against Staphylococcus aureus, which reduced 90% of bacterial growth after a 5-second exposure. We(More)