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The genomic sequence of a strain of duck enteritis virus (DEV) was determined and analyzed in this study. The size of its genome is 158,091 bp in length and the genome is predicted to encode 78 putative proteins and resembles the members of the Alphaherpesvirinae in genomic organization and gene composition. The genome of the virus is composed of a unique(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endoplasmic reticulum stress triggers apoptotic cascades in neurons of the central nervous system after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The aim of this work was to study the mechanism of neuroprotection conferred by targeting cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) in the acute brain injury following subarachnoid(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are a newly identified class of small single-stranded non-coding RNAs, regulate their target genes via post-transcriptional pathway. It has been proved that miRNAs play important roles in many biological processes. To better understand miRNA function on type 2 diabetes, we used an oligonucleotide microarray to monitor miRNA(More)
The objective of this study was to establish a spontaneously derived human corneal epithelial cell line from a normal human limbus that retains differentiation potential and proliferative properties under continuous cell culture. After 50 passages of epithelial cells obtained from human limbal tissue a cell line spontaneously emerged. The immortalized cells(More)
Type I interferons (IFNs), including IFN-α, -β, and -ω, play a critical role in innate immune responses against viral infection. IFN-λ, including IL-29, IL-28A, and IL-28B, recently identified as a new subfamily of IFN named type III IFN, has also been demonstrated to suppress virus replication in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular mechanisms that(More)
We have recently reported the isolation of a novel virus, provisionally designated C/swine/Oklahoma/1334/2011 (C/OK), with 50% overall homology to human influenza C viruses (ICV), from a pig in Oklahoma. Deep RNA sequencing of C/OK virus found a matrix 1 (M1) protein expression strategy that differed from that of ICV. The novelty of C/OK virus prompted us(More)
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common malignant tumor of the retina in human children. Although it has been hypothesized for a long time that RB derives from multipotent retinal stem cells (RSCs) or retinoblasts, the direct evidence that the presence of tumorigenic RSCs in RB tumors is still lacking. Some studies indicate that malignant tumors contain(More)
—Based on some new accelerated lifetime models and failure equivalent circuit modeling techniques for the common semiconductor wear out mechanisms, simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) can be used to characterize CMOS VLSI circuit failure behaviors and perform reliability simulation. This paper used a simple SRAM circuit as an example(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated plasma levels of IL-1β and IL-18 from patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection indicate a possible activation of inflammasome by HCV. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To demonstrate whether HCV infection activates the inflammasome, we investigated inflammasome activation from HCV infected hepatic Huh7 cells, or monocytic cells and(More)