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RATIONALE Orai1 and the associated calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel were discovered in the immune system. Existence also in endothelial cells has been suggested, but the relevance to endothelial biology is mostly unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of Orai1 and CRAC channels to vascular endothelial(More)
RATIONALE Transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM)3 is a calcium-permeable ion channel activated by the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate and positively coupled to insulin secretion in beta cells. Although vascular TRPM3 mRNA has been reported, there is no knowledge of TRPM3 protein or its regulation and function in the cardiovascular system. (More)
The mechanisms by which physical forces regulate endothelial cells to determine the complexities of vascular structure and function are enigmatic. Studies of sensory neurons have suggested Piezo proteins as subunits of Ca(2+)-permeable non-selective cationic channels for detection of noxious mechanical impact. Here we show Piezo1 (Fam38a) channels as(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Sigma-1 receptor (Sig1R) impacts on calcium ion signalling and has a plethora of ligands. This study investigated Sig1R and its ligands in relation to endogenous calcium events of endothelial cells and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Intracellular calcium and patch clamp measurements were made(More)
ZNF580 (gene ID 51157), a novel gene encoding a C2H2 (Cys2-His2) zinc-finger transcription factor, may be involved in the maintenance of vascular endothelium homoeostasis. To investigate the physiological role of the transcription factor ZNF580, we screened human foetal brain cDNA library with a yeast two-hybrid system and identified 14 proteins that(More)
Tea (Camellia sinensis) has been known for its modulation of resistance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to beta-lactam antibiotics in vitro. This study aimed to confirm the in vitro effect of green tea extracts with beta-lactams and to determine whether green tea extracts can reduce the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) acts, in part, by triggering calcium ion (Ca(2+)) entry. Here, we sought understanding of a Synta66-resistant Ca(2+) entry pathway activated by VEGF. APPROACH AND RESULTS Measurement of intracellular Ca(2+) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells detected a Synta66-resistant component of VEGF-activated(More)
Numerous antibiotics can induce an SOS repair system in bacteria that leads to antibiotic-resistant mutation of the bacterium. Therefore, searching for drugs that can prevent the SOS response and thus improve the long-term viability of some antibiotics is important. In this study, we aimed to detect the suppressive effects of baicalein on the SOS system and(More)
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