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The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphology of the radicular grooves and root canal cross-sections in mandibular first premolars that exhibit a C-shaped root. Eighty-six mandibular first premolars with C-shaped roots were scanned from the coronal to anatomical apex using microCT80. The location, length, and depth of the radicular grooves(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of sodium hypochlorite (5.25%), chlorhexidine (2%), and Glyde File Prep on the bond strengths of MTA-dentin in vitro. Standardized dentin disks were prepared and the central hole in each disk was filled with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). The specimens were randomly divided into four groups to be(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the anatomical features of C-shaped root canal system in mandibular second molars using micro-computed tomography (microCT). Fifty-eight extracted mandibular second molars with fused roots were collected from a native Chinese population. The teeth were scanned into layers of 0.5-mm thickness by microCT and(More)
This study compared litter production, litter decomposition and nutrient return in pure and mixed species plantations. Dry weight and N, P, K, Ca, Mg quantities in the litterfall were measured in one pure Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation (PC) and two mixed-species plantations of C. lanceolata with Alnus cremastogyne (MCA) and Kalopanax septemlobus (MCK)(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to introduce a new method for quantitative testing of endodontic leakage. STUDY DESIGN Eighty straight maxillary anterior teeth were divided randomly into 3 experimental groups of 20 samples each and 2 control groups. The experimental groups were prepared using the modified double-flared technique and obturated by(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of three electronic apex locators (EALs) to detect the minor foramen and morphological influencing factors relative to working length determination. METHODS Three hundred fifty-six extracted teeth were decoronated, and the coronal portion of the canal was flared. The distance between(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of image superimposition from surrounding alveolar bone and intraradicular contrast medium on radiographic interpretation of a C-shaped canal system in mandibular second molars. Thirty mandibular second molars with fused roots were collected and stored in 10% formalin solution. After being scanned by(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the genotypic stability of mutans streptococci (MS) longitudinally during orthodontic treatment. Plaque samples were obtained from the supragingival smooth surface of the upper right teeth at four stages: prior to and after 1, 3 and 6 months of orthodontic treatment. Levels of total viable count, total streptococci and(More)
Occurrence of apical transportation (AT) may complicate the root filling procedure and result in a compromised seal. In part I of this study, human mandibular premolars with single, curved (21 to 39 degrees), or straight canals were prepared by Lightspeed or a step-back hand filing technique. An AT index was determined using a double exposure radiographic(More)