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Cortactin is an actin-binding protein that has recently been implicated in endocytosis. It binds directly to dynamin-2 (Dyn2), a large GTPase that mediates the formation of vesicles from the plasma membrane and the Golgi. Here we show that cortactin associates with the Golgi to regulate the actin- and Dyn2-dependent transport of cargo. Cortactin antibodies(More)
The dynamins comprise a large family of mechanoenzymes known to participate in membrane modeling events. All three conventional dynamin genes (Dyn1, Dyn2, Dyn3) are expressed in mammalian brain and produce more than 27 different dynamin proteins as a result of alternative splicing. Past studies have suggested that Dyn1 participates in specialized neuronal(More)
The retina of the frog was superfused with a Ringer solution containing impermeant "probe" cations and anions. Light-evoked concentration changes in these probe ions were measured in the subretinal space (SRS) with ion-selective microelectrodes. A decrease in probe ion concentration was found, and several observations suggest that this is caused by a(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and MMP2 are important in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain behavior induced by peripheral nerve injury. The enzymatic activity of MMP9 and MMP2 is balanced specifically by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1) and TIMP2, respectively. In present study, we measured the effect of peripheral nerve(More)
1. Changes in extracellular K+ concentration (delta[K+]o) evoked by electrical current were measured with K+-selective microelectrodes (K-ISMs) in the retina of the frog eyecup. 2. In the superfusate at 20 microns above the inner limiting membrane (ILM), current-evoked delta[K+] was a function of current polarity and strength; its amplitude decreased as the(More)
We have recently reported the isolation of a novel virus, provisionally designated C/swine/Oklahoma/1334/2011 (C/OK), with 50% overall homology to human influenza C viruses (ICV), from a pig in Oklahoma. Deep RNA sequencing of C/OK virus found a matrix 1 (M1) protein expression strategy that differed from that of ICV. The novelty of C/OK virus prompted us(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated plasma levels of IL-1β and IL-18 from patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection indicate a possible activation of inflammasome by HCV. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To demonstrate whether HCV infection activates the inflammasome, we investigated inflammasome activation from HCV infected hepatic Huh7 cells, or monocytic cells and(More)
The midbrain ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (VL-PAG) is a key component that mediates pain modulation. Although spinal cord glial cells appear to play an important role in chronic pain development, the precise mechanisms involving descending facilitation pathways from the PAG following nerve injury are poorly understood. This study shows that cellular(More)
The combination of aminophosphonobutyric plus kynurenic acids (APB/Kyn) was compared to aspartate with respect to its ability to block synaptic transmission from photoreceptors. Like aspartate, APB/Kyn blocks photoreceptor synaptic transmission, as monitored by the b- and d-waves of the electroretinogram, by the proximal negative response and M-wave of the(More)
LncRNAs have critical roles in various biological processes ranging from embryonic development to human diseases, including cancer progression, although their detailed mechanistic functions remain illusive. The lncRNA linc-ROR has been shown to contribute to the maintenance of induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells. In this study, we(More)