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Cortactin is an actin-binding protein that has recently been implicated in endocytosis. It binds directly to dynamin-2 (Dyn2), a large GTPase that mediates the formation of vesicles from the plasma membrane and the Golgi. Here we show that cortactin associates with the Golgi to regulate the actin- and Dyn2-dependent transport of cargo. Cortactin antibodies(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endoplasmic reticulum stress triggers apoptotic cascades in neurons of the central nervous system after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The aim of this work was to study the mechanism of neuroprotection conferred by targeting cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) in the acute brain injury following subarachnoid(More)
The dynamins comprise a large family of mechanoenzymes known to participate in membrane modeling events. All three conventional dynamin genes (Dyn1, Dyn2, Dyn3) are expressed in mammalian brain and produce more than 27 different dynamin proteins as a result of alternative splicing. Past studies have suggested that Dyn1 participates in specialized neuronal(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are a newly identified class of small single-stranded non-coding RNAs, regulate their target genes via post-transcriptional pathway. It has been proved that miRNAs play important roles in many biological processes. To better understand miRNA function on type 2 diabetes, we used an oligonucleotide microarray to monitor miRNA(More)
We have recently reported the isolation of a novel virus, provisionally designated C/swine/Oklahoma/1334/2011 (C/OK), with 50% overall homology to human influenza C viruses (ICV), from a pig in Oklahoma. Deep RNA sequencing of C/OK virus found a matrix 1 (M1) protein expression strategy that differed from that of ICV. The novelty of C/OK virus prompted us(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated plasma levels of IL-1β and IL-18 from patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection indicate a possible activation of inflammasome by HCV. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To demonstrate whether HCV infection activates the inflammasome, we investigated inflammasome activation from HCV infected hepatic Huh7 cells, or monocytic cells and(More)
The midbrain ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (VL-PAG) is a key component that mediates pain modulation. Although spinal cord glial cells appear to play an important role in chronic pain development, the precise mechanisms involving descending facilitation pathways from the PAG following nerve injury are poorly understood. This study shows that cellular(More)
We demonstrate that the electronic devices built on patterned graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) can be made with atomic-perfect-interface junctions and controlled doping via manipulation of edge terminations. Using first-principles transport calculations, we show that the GNR field effect transistors can achieve high performance levels similar to those made from(More)
PURPOSE Retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) are the most valuable seed cells in replacement therapy for neural retinal diseases. The competence of RPCs changes with retinal development. Gene expression plays a fundamental role in determining the competence. To improve the selection of the right-timing RPCs for replacement therapy, we compared the gene(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provide a valuable model for regenerative medicine and human disease research. To date, however, the reprogramming efficiency of human adult cells is still low. Recent studies have revealed that cell cycle is a key parameter driving epigenetic reprogramming to pluripotency. As is well known, retroviruses such as(More)