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Red cell distribution width and mortality in older adults: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
RDW is a routinely reported test that is a powerful predictor of mortality in community-dwelling older adults with and without age-associated diseases and the biologic mechanisms underlying this association merit investigation. Expand
Benefit/risk assessment for breast cancer chemoprevention with raloxifene or tamoxifen for women age 50 years or older.
TLDR
Raloxifene was as effective as tamoxifen in reducing the risk of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women and had lower risks of thromboembolic events, endometrial cancer, and cataracts but had a nonstatistically significant higher risk of noninvasive breast cancer. Expand
Total and cancer mortality after supplementation with vitamins and minerals: follow-up of the Linxian General Population Nutrition Intervention Trial.
TLDR
The beneficial effects of selenium, vitamin E, and beta-carotene on mortality were still evident up to 10 years after the cessation of supplementation and were consistently greater in younger participants. Expand
Hospitalization and Change in Body Composition and Strength in a Population‐Based Cohort of Older Persons
TLDR
To examine the association between hospitalization and annual changes in body composition and strength in older adults, a large number of older adults were referred for hospital treatment. Expand
Haemoglobin concentration and the risk of death in older adults: differences by race/ethnicity in the NHANES III follow‐up
TLDR
The haemoglobin threshold below which mortality rises significantly is a full g/dl lower in non‐Hispanic blacks than in non-Hispanic whites and Mexican Americans, according to the World Health Organization cut‐off points for anaemia. Expand
Mixture cure models for multivariate survival data
TLDR
The marginal MCM is extended to multivariate survival data and the primary interest is to estimate the marginal parameters in the mean structure, where the correlation structure is treated as nuisance parameters. Expand
Comparability of segmented line regression models.
TLDR
A procedure to compare two segmented line regression functions, specifically to test whether the two segments are identical or whether theTwo mean functions are parallel allowing different intercepts is proposed. Expand
Bias Associated With Self-Report of Prior Screening Mammography
TLDR
Overestimation of self-reported mammography usage from national surveys varies by age and race/ethnicity, and a more nuanced approach that accounts for demographic differences is needed when adjusting for overestimation or assessing disparities between populations. Expand
Modeling the dissemination of mammography in the United States
TLDR
A methodology for piecing together disparate data sources to obtain a comprehensive model for the use of mammography screening in the US population for the years 1975 – 2000 gives insight into screening practices over time and provides an alternative public health measure for screening usage in theUS population. Expand
The influence of abdominal visceral fat on inflammatory pathways and mortality risk in obstructive lung disease.
TLDR
Examination of COPD-specific effects on VF and plasma adipocytokines suggests that excessive abdominal visceral fat contributes to increased plasma IL-6, which is strongly associated with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in older persons with OLD. Expand
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