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The industrial production of beta-carotene with the zygomycete Blakeslea trispora involves the joint cultivation of mycelia of opposite sex in the presence of beta-ionone and other chemical activators. We have obtained improved strains by mutation and heterokaryosis. We chose wild strains on the basis of their growth and carotene content in single and mated(More)
The accumulation of (beta)-carotene by the zygomycete Phycomyces blakesleeanus is increased by mutations in the carS gene. The treatment of spores of carS mutants with N-methyl-N(prm1)-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine led to the isolation, at very low frequencies, of mutants that produced higher levels of (beta)-carotene. Strain S556 produced about 9 mg of(More)
The filamentous fungus Blakeslea trispora, an industrial carotene source, contains β-carotene and precursors of its synthesis — phytoene, phytofluene, lycopene, and γ-carotene. Strain improvement through mutagenesis is difficult because all life stages are multinucleate. Mutants have been obtained following exposure of wild-type spores to(More)
Sexual interaction between strains of opposite sex in many fungi of the order Mucorales modifies hyphal morphology and increases the carotene content. The progeny of crosses of Phycomyces blakesleeanus usually include a small proportion of anomalous segregants that show these signs of sexual stimulation without a partner. We have analyzed the genetic(More)
The fungus Fusarium fujikuroi (Gibberella fujikuroi mating group C) exhibits a rich secondary metabolism that includes the synthesis of compounds of biotechnological interest, such as gibberellins, bikaverin, and carotenoids. The effect of the carbon source on their production was checked using a two-phase incubation protocol, in which nine different sugars(More)
A new purification procedure involving five column-chromatography steps is described for dihydro-orotase (L-5,6-dihydro-orotate amidohydrolase, EC 3.5.2.3) from Clostridium oroticum (A.T.C.C. 25750). The native purified enzyme is a dimer of Mr 102 000 and contains 4.0 +/- 0.3 g-atoms of zinc/mol of dimer. These observations agree with those reported(More)
The Mucoral fungus Blakeslea trispora is used for the industrial production of β-carotene and lycopene. Two genetic techniques have been used to increase carotene accumulation: the isolation of mutants and the formation and segregation of heterokaryons. Because all life stages are multinucleated, recessive mutants are isolated after exposure to(More)