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The Hippo pathway plays a key role in organ size control by regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis in Drosophila. Although recent genetic studies have shown that the Hippo pathway is regulated by the NF2 and Fat tumor suppressors, the physiological regulations of this pathway are unknown. Here we show that in mammalian cells, the transcription(More)
The Hippo pathway is crucial in organ size control, and its dysregulation contributes to tumorigenesis. However, upstream signals that regulate the mammalian Hippo pathway have remained elusive. Here, we report that the Hippo pathway is regulated by G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling. Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine(More)
The Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a transcription coactivator that plays a crucial role in organ size control by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis. The Hippo tumor suppressor pathway inhibits YAP through phosphorylation-induced cytoplasmic retention and degradation. Here we report a novel mechanism of YAP regulation by angiomotin(More)
Real-time unusual event detection in video stream has been a difficult challenge due to the lack of sufficient training information, volatility of the definitions for both normality and abnormality, time constraints, and statistical limitation of the fitness of any parametric models. We propose a fully unsupervised dynamic sparse coding approach for(More)
Precise control of organ size is crucial during animal development and regeneration. In Drosophila and mammals, studies over the past decade have uncovered a critical role for the Hippo tumour-suppressor pathway in the regulation of organ size. Dysregulation of this pathway leads to massive overgrowth of tissue. The Hippo signalling pathway is highly(More)
—Wireless networks contain an inherent distributed spatial diversity that can be exploited by the use of relaying. Relay networks take advantage of the broadcast-oriented nature of radio and require node-based, rather than link-based protocols. Prior work on relay networks has studied performance limits either with unrealistic assumptions, complicated(More)
Previously, we reported that fluid-phase endocytosis of native LDL by PMA-activated human monocytederived macrophages converted these macrophages into cholesterol-enriched foam cells (Kruth, H. S., Huang, W., Ishii, I., and Zhang, W. Y. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 34573-34580). Uptake of fluid by cells can occur either by micropinocytosis within vesicles(More)
Multiuser broadcast authentication enables a large number of users to join in and broadcast messages to wireless sensor networks (WSN) dynamically and authentically. Public-key-based schemes have been proposed to provide such services; however, none of them achieve security, scalability and efficiency simultaneously. This paper presents IMBAS, an(More)
Cell attachment to the extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucial to cell physiology such as polarity, motility, and proliferation. In normal cells, loss of attachment to the ECM induces a specific type of apoptosis, termed anoikis. Resistance to anoikis in cancer cells promotes their survival in circulation and dispersion to distant anatomic sites, leading to(More)