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The effects of technical progress on relative factor prices in the two-country, two-good, two-factor Heckscher-Ohlin model are investigated. Technical progress is classified according to factor-augmenting bias, factor-using bias, and sector bias. A complete set of relations between technical progress parameters and relative factor prices, depending on the(More)
We have cloned and characterized cDNAs encoding the zebrafish IGF ligands and receptors. Sequence comparison showed that the primary structures of zebrafish IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGF-I receptors (IGF-IRs) have been highly conserved in vertebrates. In contrast to the presence of a single IGF-IR gene in mammals, two distinct IGF-IR genes, termed igf-1ra and(More)
The actin cross-linking protein filamin A (FLNa) functions as a scaffolding protein and couples cell cytoskeleton to extracellular matrix and integrin receptor signaling. In this study, we report that FLNa suppresses invasion of breast cancer cells and regulates focal adhesion (FA) turnover. Two large progression tissue microarrays from breast cancer(More)
Recent studies demonstrate that the neuropeptide VGF (nonacronymic)-derived peptide is regulated in the hippocampus by antidepressant therapies. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB), cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signaling, and monoamine transmitter pathways mediate the behavioral effects of(More)
Cotton fibres are unicellular seed trichomes. Our previous study suggested that the cotton R2R3 MYB transcript factor GaMYB2 is a functional homologue of the Arabidopsis trichome regulator GLABRA1 (GL1). Here, the GaMYB2 promoter activity is reported in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), and Arabidopsis plants. A 2062 bp promoter of(More)
This paper examines international trade and foreign direct investment as channels for technology diffusion among industrialized countries. We find strong empirical support for capital goods trade as a channel for international technology diffusion and some evidence that multinational enterprises (outward FDI) transmit foreign technology back to the home(More)
Estimation of Rybczynski e®ects in a sample of 14 developing countries over 1982-1992 reveals a puzzle: labor-intensive manufacturing sectors tend to expand and capital-intensive manufacturing sectors contract as country capital abundance increases, after allowing for changes in technology, skill, and trade barrier. Empirical tests show strong evidence of(More)
Previously, we showed that activation of the spinal CXCL9, 10/CXCR3 pathway mediated bone cancer pain (BCP) in rats. However, the cellular mechanism involved is poorly understood. Here, we found that the activated CXCR3 was co-localized with either neurons, microglia, and astrocytes in the spinal cord, or non-peptidergic-, peptidergic-, and A-type neurons(More)