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The insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), a docking protein for both the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) and the insulin receptor, is known to send a mitogenic, anti-apoptotic, and anti-differentiation signal. Several micro RNAs (miRs) are suggested by the data base as possible candidates for targeting IRS-1. We show here that one of the(More)
Essential for embryonic development, the polycomb group protein enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is overexpressed in breast and prostate cancers and is implicated in the growth and aggression of the tumors. The tumorigenic mechanism underlying EZH2 overexpression is largely unknown. It is believed that EZH2 exerts its biological activity as a(More)
Enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2) is the catalytic subunit of Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) and catalyses the trimethylation of histone H3 on Lys 27 (H3K27), which represses gene transcription. EZH2 enhances cancer-cell invasiveness and regulates stem cell differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that EZH2 can be phosphorylated at Thr 487 through(More)
Local alterations in the mechanical compliance of the basement membrane that alter the level of isometric tension in the cell have been postulated to influence tissue morphogenesis. To explore whether cell tension contributes to tissue pattern formation in vivo, we modulated cytoskeletal force generation in embryonic mouse lung (embryonic days 12-14)(More)
OBJECTIVES Chemokine CXCL12 and its unique receptor CXCR4 have been recently implicated in cancer metastasis. Our goal was to explore expression of CXCL12 and CXCR4 protein in normal ovarian surface epithelium, primary tumors and paired metastases of epithelial ovarian cancer as well as its association with clinicopathological features. We also wanted to(More)
Tamoxifen, a selective oestrogen receptor modulator, has been used in the treatment of all stages of hormone-responsive breast cancer. However, tamoxifen shows partial oestrogenic activity in the uterus and its use has been associated with an increased incidence of endometrial cancer. The molecular explanation for these observations is not known. Here we(More)
The use of a colonic stent as a bridge to surgery aims to provide patients with elective one-stage surgical resection while reducing stoma creation and postoperative complications. This study used meta-analytic techniques to compare the outcomes of stent use as a bridge to surgery and emergency surgery in the management of obstructive colorectal cancer. A(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, elicits proliferative effects in some cell types and potentially stimulates the growth of mammary epithelium. Here we show that leptin induced time- and dose-dependent signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation and(More)
Introduction PARP-1 plays important role in the BER (base excision repair) and maintenance of genomic integrity. Previous study found the Val762Ala genetic variant in the PARP-1 gene contributed to susceptibility of some cancers and decreased PARP-1 enzyme activity in response to oxidative damage. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection was thought to be(More)
The aim of this study is to reveal the influence of methoxypolyethyleneglycol (MePEG) molecular weight and particle size of stealth nanoparticles on their in vivo tumor targeting properties. Three sizes (80, 170 and 240nm) of poly methoxypolyethyleneglycol cyanoacrylate-co-n-hexadecyl cyanoacrylate (PEG-PHDCA) nanoparticles loading recombinant human tumor(More)