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Protein disulfide bond formation is a rate limiting step in protein folding and is catalyzed by enzymes belonging to the protein disulfide oxidoreductase superfamily, including protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) in eucarya and DsbA in bacteria. The first high resolution X-ray crystal structure of a protein disulfide oxidoreductase from the hyperthermophilic(More)
Stability and function of a large number of proteins are crucially dependent on the presence of disulfide bonds. Recent genome analysis has pointed out an important role of disulfide bonds for the structural stabilization of intracellular proteins from hyperthermophilic archaea and bacteria. These findings contradict the conventional view that disulfide(More)
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the worst case scenario option prices as the volatility interval in an uncertain volatility model (UVM) degenerates to a single point, and then provide an approximation procedure for the worst case scenario prices in a UVM with small volatility interval. Numerical experiments show that this approximation(More)
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a powerful spectroscopy technique that can provide non-destructive and ultra-sensitive characterization down to single molecular level, comparable to single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. However, generally substrates based on metals such as Ag, Au and Cu, either with roughened surfaces or in the form of(More)
Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) is based on the optical excitation of localized surface plasmons in the tip-substrate cavity, which provides a large but local field enhancement near the tip apex. We report on TERS with smooth single crystalline surfaces as substrates. The adsorbates were CN- ions at Au(111) and malachite green isothiocyanate (MGITC)(More)
Spermatid-specific thioredoxin-1 (Sptrx-1) is the first member of the thioredoxin family of proteins with a tissue-specific expression pattern, found exclusively in the tail of elongating spermatids and spermatozoa. We describe here further biochemical characterization of human Sptrx-1 protein structure and enzymatic activity. In gel filtration(More)
Protein disulfide oxidoreductases are ubiquitous redox enzymes that catalyse dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions with a CXXC sequence motif at their active site. A disulfide oxidoreductase, a highly thermostable protein, was isolated from Pyrococcus furiosus (PfPDO), which is characterized by two redox sites (CXXC) and an unusual molecular mass. Its 3D(More)
After over 30 years of development, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is now facing a very important stage in its history. The explosive development of nanoscience and nanotechnology has assisted the rapid development of SERS, especially during the last 5 years. Further development of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy is mainly limited by the(More)
Glutathione peroxidase belongs to the family of selenoproteins and plays an important role in the defense mechanisms of mammals, birds and fish against oxidative damage by catalyzing the reduction of a variety of hydroperoxides, using glutathione as the reducing substrate. However, the physiological role of human plasma glutathione peroxidase remains(More)