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Protein disulfide bond formation is a rate limiting step in protein folding and is catalyzed by enzymes belonging to the protein disulfide oxidoreductase superfamily, including protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) in eucarya and DsbA in bacteria. The first high resolution X-ray crystal structure of a protein disulfide oxidoreductase from the hyperthermophilic(More)
Stability and function of a large number of proteins are crucially dependent on the presence of disulfide bonds. Recent genome analysis has pointed out an important role of disulfide bonds for the structural stabilization of intracellular proteins from hyperthermophilic archaea and bacteria. These findings contradict the conventional view that disulfide(More)
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the worst case scenario option prices as the volatility interval in an uncertain volatility model (UVM) degenerates to a single point, and then provide an approximation procedure for the worst case scenario prices in a UVM with small volatility interval. Numerical experiments show that this approximation(More)
Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) is based on the optical excitation of localized surface plasmons in the tip-substrate cavity, which provides a large but local field enhancement near the tip apex. We report on TERS with smooth single crystalline surfaces as substrates. The adsorbates were CN- ions at Au(111) and malachite green isothiocyanate (MGITC)(More)
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a powerful spectroscopy technique that can provide non-destructive and ultra-sensitive characterization down to single molecular level, comparable to single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. However, generally substrates based on metals such as Ag, Au and Cu, either with roughened surfaces or in the form of(More)
Protein disulfide oxidoreductases are ubiquitous redox enzymes that catalyse dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions with a CXXC sequence motif at their active site. A disulfide oxidoreductase, a highly thermostable protein, was isolated from Pyrococcus furiosus (PfPDO), which is characterized by two redox sites (CXXC) and an unusual molecular mass. Its 3D(More)
Layered core-shell bimetallic silver-gold nanoparticles were prepared by coating Au layers over Ag seeds by a seed-growth method. The composition of Ag100-xAux particles can vary from x=0 to 30. TEM and SEM images clearly show that the bimetallic nanoparticles are of core-shell structure with some pinholes on the surface. Strong surface-enhanced Raman (SER)(More)
Disulfide bonds are required for the stability and function of a large number of proteins. Recently, the results from genome analysis have suggested an important role for disulfide bonds concerning the structural stabilization of intracellular proteins from hyperthermophilic Archaea and Bacteria, contrary to the conventional view that structural disulfide(More)
Glutathione peroxidase belongs to the family of selenoproteins and plays an important role in the defense mechanisms of mammals, birds and fish against oxidative damage by catalyzing the reduction of a variety of hydroperoxides, using glutathione as the reducing substrate. However, the physiological role of human plasma glutathione peroxidase remains(More)