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OBJECTIVE Clear corneal cataract incisions without sutures allow for rapid visual rehabilitation after phacoemulsification but might be associated with an increased risk of postoperative infection. The goal of this study was to examine in vitro dynamic changes in unhealed clear corneal cataract incisions that might adversely affect the risk of intraocular(More)
Accurate genotyping is important for genetic testing. Sanger sequencing-based typing is the gold standard for genotyping, but it has been underused, due to its high cost and low throughput. In contrast, short-read sequencing provides inexpensive and high-throughput sequencing, holding great promise for reaching the goal of cost-effective and high-throughput(More)
Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) has become a major experimental tool of photoacoustic tomography, with unique imaging capabilities for various biological applications. However, conventional imaging systems are all table-top embodiments, which preclude their use in internal organs. In this study, by applying the OR-PAM concept to our(More)
OBJECTIVE Sutureless cataract surgery has been growing in popularity over the last decade. These clear corneal incisions allow for rapid visual recovery after phacoemulsification, but may be associated with an increased risk of endophthalmitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraocular pressure (IOP), location, and angle of(More)
We developed a photoacoustic imaging system that has real-time imaging capability with optical resolution. The imaging system is capable of scanning at 20 Hz over a 9 mm range and up to 40 Hz over a 1 mm scanning range. A focused laser beam provides a lateral resolution of 3.4 μm as measured in an optically nonscattering medium. Flows of micrometer-sized(More)
A simple, sensitive and reproducible high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been validated for determining concentrations of glutamate, glycine, and alanine in human plasma. Proteins in plasma were precipitated with perchloric acid, followed by derivatization with 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC). Simultaneous analysis(More)
Optical coherence tomography is an emerging non-invasive technology that provides high resolution, cross-sectional tomographic images of internal structures of specimens. OCT images, however, are usually degraded by significant speckle noise. Here we introduce to our knowledge the first 3D approach to attenuating speckle noise in OCT images. Unlike 2D(More)
We describe an algorithm based on shrinkage in the curvelet domain to attenuate speckles in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. The algorithm exploits the curvelet transform's sparse representation of edge discontinuities that are common in OCT images and its ability to map signals and noise into different areas in the curvelet domain. The speckle(More)
This paper proposes a non-iterative, two-dimensional numerical method to eliminate the compromise between the lateral resolution and wide depth measurement range in optical coherence tomography (OCT). A two-dimensional scalar diffraction model was developed to simulate the wave propagation process from out-of-focus scatters within the short coherence gate(More)