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The molecular mechanism governing the regulated secretion of most exocrine tissues remains elusive, although VAMP8/endobrevin has recently been shown to be the major vesicular SNARE (v-SNARE) of zymogen granules of pancreatic exocrine acinar cells. In this article, we have characterized the role of VAMP8 in the entire exocrine system. Immunohistochemical(More)
PRL-3, a protein tyrosine phosphatase, has attracted much attention as its transcript is consistently upregulated in the process of colorectal cancer metastases to secondary organs. We studied mice injected via the tail vein with CHO cells stably expressing EGFP-tagged PRL-3 or catalytically inactive mutant PRL-3 (C104S). Our data showed that the(More)
Macroautophagy, the process by which cytosolic components and organelles are engulfed and degraded by a double-membrane structure, could be viewed as a specialized, multistep membrane transport process. As such, it intersects with the exocytic and endocytic membrane trafficking pathways. A number of Rab GTPases which regulate secretory and endocytic(More)
We show here that PRL-3 protein is expressed in fetal heart, developing blood vessels, and pre-erythrocytes but not in their mature counterparts. These observations imply that PRL-3 may be involved in the early development of the circulatory system. Because PRL-3 mRNA had been reported to be consistently elevated in metastatic samples derived from(More)
Lysosomes serve key degradative functions for the turnover of membrane lipids and protein components. Its biogenesis is principally dependent on exocytic traffic from the late endosome via the trans-Golgi network, and it also receives cargo to be degraded from the endocytic pathway. Membrane trafficking to the late endosome-lysosome is tightly regulated to(More)
Sir2 ⁄ Sirt1 and its orthologues are known lifespan extension factors in several aging models from yeast to invertebrates. Sirt1 activation is also known to be beneficial and protective in both invertebrate and mammalian models of neurodegenerative disease. Sirt1’s lifespan extension effect, as well as the beneficial outcome of its activation in models of(More)
PURPOSE The PRL-3 mRNA is consistently elevated in metastatic samples derived from colorectal cancers. We sought to generate a specific PRL-3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) that might serve as a potential diagnostic marker for colorectal cancer metastasis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN PRL-3 is one of three members (PRL-1, PRL-2, and PRL-3) in a unique protein-tyrosine(More)
Syntaxin 16 (Syx16) is member of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) family of molecules that functions in membrane fusion in eukaryotic cells. A rather ubiquitously expressed, tail-anchored membrane protein localized mainly at the trans-Golgi network (TGN), it mediates primarily retrograde endosomal-TGN(More)
We describe a novel syntaxin family member, syntaxin 9 (Syn 9), which does not possess a typical C-terminal hydrophobic tail anchor. Syn 9 has, however, a Q-SNARE domain and an overall homology to syntaxins (with the highest overall homology with mammalian syntaxin 11). Syn 9 is enriched in some epithelial cells, particularly that of the stomach lining and(More)
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