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BACKGROUND Dementia has been a major public health problem. However, there has not yet been a nationwide investigation or systematic analysis of the prevalence of dementia in China from 1980 to 2004. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of dementia and its major subtypes [Alzheimer disease (AD), vascular dementia (VD)] among the(More)
Imatinib mesylate (GLEEVEC, GLIVEC, formerly STI571) has demonstrated unprecedented efficacy as first-line therapy for treatment for all phases of chronic myelogenous leukemia and metastatic and unresectable malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Disposition and biotransformation of imatinib were studied in four male healthy volunteers after a single(More)
BACKGROUND There is much uncertainty about the effects of early lowering of elevated blood pressure (BP) after acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Our aim was to assess the safety and efficiency of this treatment, as a run-in phase to a larger trial. METHODS Patients who had acute spontaneous ICH diagnosed by CT within 6 h of onset, elevated systolic(More)
BACKGROUND Uncertainty surrounds the effects of cerebral edema on outcomes in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS We used data from the INTERACT trial to determine the predictors and prognostic significance of "perihematomal" edema over 72 hours after ICH. INTERACT included 404 patients with CT-confirmed ICH and elevated systolic blood pressure (BP)(More)
Our previous work on real-valued function optimization problems had shown that cultural learning emerged as the result of meta-level interaction or swarming of knowledge sources, " knowledge swarms " in the belief space. These meta-level swarms induced the swarming of individuals in the population space, " Cultural Swarms ". The interaction of these(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess oral health outcomes of a school-based oral health education (OHE) programme on children, mothers and schoolteachers in China, and to evaluate the methods applied and materials used. DESIGN The WHO Health Promoting Schools Project applied to primary schoolchildren in 3 experimental and 3 control schools in Hongshan District, Wuhan(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the prototypical inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), and MS results in physical and cognitive impairments, such as fatigue, pain, depression and bladder dysfunction. Though many therapies for MS have been developed, the safety profile and effectiveness of these therapies still need to be(More)
Z-ligustilide (LIG), the main lipophilic component of Radix Angelica sinensis, has been shown to protect against brain ischemic damage in rodents by oral and intra-peritoneal treatments. The present study aimed to confirm the therapeutic effect of LIG administered intravenously on 2h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and 22 h reperfusion injury in(More)