Bin Nian Zhong

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One of the major obstacles in curing prostate cancer is the development of drug resistance to docetaxel, which is the gold standard for the treatment of this disease. It is not only imperative to discover the molecular basis of resistance but also to find therapeutic agents that can disrupt the resistant pathways. Based on initial findings that(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis with potential for progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We compared natural killer (NK) cytolytic function in 48 MDS patients with 37 healthy donors and found reduced activity in the patient population (K562 cytolysis, 19% +/- 21% SD versus 40% +/- 17%) (P < .001). NK(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) prevents cell apoptosis and promotes survival, but the involved mechanisms have not been completely defined. Although phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) has been implicated in IL-2-mediated survival mechanisms, none of the 3 chains of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) expresses a binding site for PI 3-kinase. However, IL-2Rbeta does(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that NK-activatory receptors use KARAP/DAP12, CD3zeta, and FcepsilonRIgamma adaptors that contain immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activatory motifs to mediate NK direct lysis of tumor cells via Syk tyrosine kinase. NK cells may also use DAP10 to drive natural cytotoxicity through phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). In contrast to our(More)
The NS5A protein plays a critical role in the replication of HCV and has been the focus of numerous research efforts over the past few years. NS5A inhibitors have shown impressive in vitro potency profiles in HCV replicon assays, making them attractive components for inclusion in all oral combination regimens. Early work in the NS5A arena led to the(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive ability of paced QRS duration (pQRSd) for heart failure events among patients receiving right ventricular apical pacing (RVAP). METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 194 patients with complete atrioventricular block receiving pacemaker treatment were enrolled and stratified to group 1, pQRSd < 160 ms,(More)
Clusterin (CLU), in its cytoplasmic form, is abundant in many advanced cancers and has been established to be cytoprotective against chemotherapeutic agents including docetaxel. However, little is known of the mechanism of its induction. Here, we provide evidence that AKT plays a critical role in upregulating cytoplasmic/secretory sCLU, which is responsible(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) versus antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) for treatment of patients with frequent ventricular premature beats (VPBs) originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 330 eligible patients were included in the(More)
Infiltration of immune effector cells in tumors is critical for antitumor immune responses. However, what regulates immune cell infiltration of tumors remains to be identified. Stat3 is constitutively activated with high frequency in diverse cancers, promoting tumor cell growth and survival. Blocking Stat3 signaling in tumors in vivo results in tumor growth(More)
Elevated levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular regulatory kinase (MAPK/ERK) activity are frequently found in some cancer cells. In efforts to reduce tumor growth, attempts have been made to develop cancer therapeutic agents targeting the MAPK. Here, by use of biologic, biochemical, and gene manipulation methods in human polymorphonuclear(More)