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Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), a detoxifying enzyme responsible for the oxidation of intracellular aldehydes, was shown to have a function in the early differentiation of stem cells, through its function in oxidizing retinol to retinoic acid. It has been shown that ALDH1 is a predictor of poor clinical outcome in breast cancer. The authors hypothesized(More)
PURPOSE Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A) is known to regulate genomic instability and tumorigenesis in multiple human cancers. The underlying mechanism, however, is not fully understood. We examined the molecular mechanism of Aurora-A regulation in human ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Retrovirus-mediated small hairpin RNA (shRNA) was used to silence the(More)
The neuronal gene repressor REST/NRSF recruits corepressors, including CoREST, to modify histones and repress transcription. REST also functions as a tumor suppressor, but the mechanism remains unclear. We identified chromodomain on Y-like (CDYL) as a REST corepressor that physically bridges REST and the histone methylase G9a to repress transcription.(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer, which comprises several histologic types and grades, is the most lethal cancer among women in the United States. In this review, we summarize recent progress in understanding the pathology and biology of this disease and in development of models for preclinical research. Our new understanding of this disease suggests new targets(More)
BACKGROUND Stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) is a secreted glycoprotein hormone. High expression of STC1 has been associated with several cancers including ovarian cancer, but its role in the development of ovarian cancer is not clear. METHODS We used five human ovarian epithelial cancer cell lines (OVCA420, OVCA432, OVCA433, SKOV3, and HEY), immortalized human(More)
PURPOSE NF-κB is a transcription factor known to promote tumorigenesis. However, NF-κB is also known to be proapoptotic and may potentially function as a tumor suppressor, although such a functional role has not been extensively investigated in human cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A dominant-negative mutant of IκBα with mutations at S32A and S36A was used to(More)
REDD1 is a gene induced by hypoxia and stimuli from multiple DNA damage. Here we show that REDD1 expression was elevated in RAS-transformed ovarian epithelial cells lines and that this overexpression increased these cells' growth rate and anchorage-independent growth on soft agar. Injection of immortalized ovarian epithelial cells overexpressing REDD1 into(More)
Single-chain glycoprotein CD44 is a major cell surface receptor for hyaluronan and mediates epithelial cell adhesion by its involvement in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Recently, CD44 has been identified as a biomarker of cancer stem cells in many malignancies including ovarian carcinoma. However, its clinical significance in human ovarian(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has previously been detected in the nucleus of cancer cells and primary tumors. We have reported that EGFR translocates from the plasma membrane to the nucleus. Accumulation of nuclear EGFR is linked to increased DNA synthesis and proliferation; however, the pathological significance of nuclear EGFR is not(More)
The majority of alveolar RMSs have t(2;13)(q35;q14) or (1:13)(p36;q14),which generate PAX3/7 -FKHR fusion genes. Here, the authors detected the PAX3/7-FKHR fusion transcripts in 17 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded RMSs and 26 other SRCTs using one-step RT-PCR. PAX3 -FKHR and PAX7-FKHR transcripts were positive in 4/8 and 2/8 cases of ARMS, respectively. 9(More)