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In the current scenario of global climate change, desiccation is considered as one of the major environmental stressors for the biota exposed to altered levels of ambient temperature and humidity. Drosophila melanogaster, a cosmopolitan terrestrial insect has been chosen as a humidity-sensitive bioindicator model for the present study since its habitat(More)
Trehalose, a non-reducing disaccharide, is widespread throughout the biological world. It is the major blood sugar in insects playing a crucial role as an instant source of energy and in dealing with abiotic stresses. The hydrolysis of trehalose is under the enzymatic control of trehalase. The enzyme trehalase is gaining interest in insect physiology as it(More)
As a survival strategy to environmental water deficits, desiccation-tolerant organisms are commonly known for their ability to recruit stress-protective biomolecules such as trehalose. We have previously reported the pivotal role of trehalose in larval desiccation tolerance in Drosophila melanogaster. Trehalose has emerged as a versatile molecule, serving(More)
Conventionally, dye-exclusion test for determining cell viability has been restricted only for cells in suspension in tissue culture. In this paper, salivary gland of Chironomus has been proposed as a simple tissue model system where dye-exclusion test can be reliably employed for the intact gland. We have compared suitability of commonly used vital dyes(More)
In this work, the structure and activity of proteins; such as, hen egg lysozyme (HEWL) and calf intestine alkaline phosphatase (CIAP); have been investigated after incubation with surface coated iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) in water. IONPs were coated with counterions bound charge-ligands and were named as the charge-ligand counterions iron oxide(More)
A battery of enzymes from the eukaryotic antioxidant defense system was measured in salivary gland and in whole body extract of fourth instar larvae of Chironomus ramosus with an objective of finding any clue for the dipteran insect's capacity to tolerate heavy doses of ionizing radiation. Levels of activity of antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase(More)
PURPOSE Chironomus ramosus is one of the recently reported radiotolerant insects. Salivary gland cells of fourth instar larvae respond to ionizing radiations with increases in the levels of antioxidant enzymes and chaperone proteins. Here we made an attempt to study the state of nuclear DNA after exposure of larvae to a lethal dose for 20% of the population(More)