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WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT This study provides antimuscarinic agents for overactive bladder (OAB) display variable association with side effects mediated by the central nervous system (CNS), which may be of particular concern in the elderly. Adverse effects on CNS functioning are related to muscarinic receptor subtype selectivity and the(More)
Omapatrilat, a potent vasopeptidase inhibitor, is currently under development for the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure. This study describes the plasma profile along with isolation and identification of urinary metabolites of omapatrilat from subjects dosed orally with 50 mg of [(14)C]omapatrilat. Only a portion of the radioactivity in(More)
OBJECTIVE Fesoterodine is a new antimuscarinic agent for the treatment of overactive bladder. Following oral administration, fesoterodine is rapidly and extensively hydrolyzed by nonspecific esterases to its active moiety: 5-hydroxymethyl tolterodine (5-HMT). The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are not involved in the formation of 5-HMT; however, CYP2D6 and(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the absolute oral bioavailability and disposition of omapatrilat. This single-dose, randomized, crossover study of 20 mg intravenous and 50 mg oral [14C]omapatrilat was conducted in 12 healthy male subjects to determine the disposition and oral bioavailability of omapatrilat, an orally active vasopeptidase(More)
Omapatrilat, a novel vasopeptidase inhibitor, is under development for the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure. This study describes the comparative biotransformation of radiolabeled [C]and stable-labeled [C2]omapatrilat after administration of single oral doses to rats, dogs, and humans. The metabolites were identified by a combination(More)
Pharmacokinetic interactions between food and orally administered drugs involve changes mainly in the absorption and metabolism of a drug, and may have clinical implications. Such interactions, in particular, may be of major clinical significance for cancer chemotherapy since the majority of anticancer agents are toxic, have a low therapeutic index and are(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cognitive effects of fesoterodine 4 and 8 mg versus placebo in healthy older adults. METHODS This was an active- and placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy crossover study conducted using healthy volunteers (aged 65-85 years) with baseline Mini-Mental State Examination score ≥ 26. The study comprised 4 treatment periods:(More)
Tolterodine is known as a drug which exhibits ethnic differences in pharmacokinetics between Japanese and Koreans despite genetic similarities among the populations of East Asian countries. Tolterodine is mainly metabolized by CYP2D6 to a 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite (5-HM), and 5-HM is also metabolized by CYP2D6. The reduced-function allele CYP2D6*10 is(More)
A freely moving rat model was developed to study the CNS distribution of EAB 515 (S-α-amino-5-phosphonomethyl[l,1′-biphenyl]-3-propanoic acid). Microdialysis (MD) in the frontal cortex (FrC) and in the lateral ventricle (LV) of the rat brain was performed to measure the levels of EAB 515 in the cortical extracellular fluid (ECF) as well as in the(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the reduced function allele CYP2D6*10, which can be the cause of an intermediate metabolizer (IM), on tolterodine pharmacokinetics. Tolterodine is mainly metabolized to an active 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite (5-HM) by CYP2D6, and 5-HM is also metabolized by CYP2D6. Asian and white healthy volunteers (n =(More)