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In this study we imaged integral changes in microfilament assembly and cortical granule distribution, and examined effects of microfilament inhibitor on the cortical granule distribution during oocyte maturation, parthenogenetic activation and in vitro fertilisation in the pig. The microfilament assembly and cortical granule distribution were imaged with(More)
Microtubule and microfilament organization in porcine oocytes during maturation in vivo and in vitro was imaged by immunocytochemistry and laser scanning confocal microscopy. At the germinal vesicle stage, microtubules were not detected in the oocyte. After germinal vesicle breakdown, a small microtubule aster was observed near the condensed chromatin.(More)
The presence of galactose alpha-1,3-galactose residues on the surface of pig cells is a major obstacle to successful xenotransplantation. Here, we report the production of four live pigs in which one allele of the alpha-1,3-galactosyltransferase locus has been knocked out. These pigs were produced by nuclear transfer technology; clonal fetal fibroblast cell(More)
Polyspermy is one of the unresolved problems that exist regarding pig oocytes matured and inseminated in vitro. Quantitative study of the changes in the cortical granule (CG) population in oocytes is essential for understanding the mechanism of how oocytes block polyspermic penetration and for developing the optimum conditions for in vitro maturation (IVM)(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate morphologic differences in pig oocytes matured in vivo and in vitro, with particular reference to the potential relationship between oocyte morphology and the occurrence of polyspermy after in vitro fertilization (IVF). In vivo-matured oocytes were surgically recovered from the oviducts of gilts with ovulated follicles(More)
The effects of oviductal fluid on sperm penetration and cortical granule exocytosis in pigs were examined. Cortical granule exocytosis in oocytes matured in vivo and in vitro was observed by staining with fluorescent-labelled lectin and laser-scanning confocal microscopy. Exocytosis of matured oocytes was classified into three categories after in vitro(More)
The mechanism of Ca2+ release induced by modification of sulfhydryl groups and the subsequent activation of porcine oocytes were investigated. Thimerosal, a sulfhydryl-oxidizing compound, induced Ca2+ oscillation in matured oocytes. In thimerosal-preincubated oocytes, the amount of Ca2+ released after microinjection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)(More)
Calcium ionophore A23187 can parthenogenetically activate oocytes in many animals. The present study was designed to analyze functionally the mechanism of A23187 activation of pig oocytes matured in vitro. In experiment 1, effects of the concentration of A23187 on intracellular calcium transients, cortical granule (CG) exocytosis, nuclear activation, and(More)
Our previous study indicated that thimerosal is one of the most effective artificial activators to mimic sperm-induced increases in the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and other activation events in pig oocytes (Macháty et al., 1997). The present study was conducted to examine the temporal relationship between intracellular calcium(More)
The presence of different intracellular Ca2+ release mechanisms in porcine oocytes and their involvement in mediating Ca2+ transients in different developmental stages were investigated. Metaphase II arrested oocytes showed an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration after injection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3), the InsP3 receptor agonist.(More)