Billie J Bartel

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Preganglionic visceral vasoconstrictor (VVC) neurons and motility-regulating (MR) neurons and other visceral preganglionic neurons, which project in the lumbar splanchnic nerves, were analyzed for their segmental distribution, the conduction velocity of their axons, ongoing activity and reflexes elicited by electrical stimulation of visceral afferents in(More)
Lumbar preganglionic neurons, which projected in the lumbar splanchnic nerves and were probably involved in regulating motility of colon and pelvic organs (motility-regulating, MR neurons), were analyzed for their discharge patterns. The responses of the neurons to the following stimuli were tested: stimulation of arterial baro- and chemoreceptors and of(More)
Lumbar preganglionic neurons, which project in the lumbar splanchnic nerves and which probably have a vasoconstrictor function (visceral vasoconstrictor, VVC neurons), were analyzed for their discharge patterns. The responses of these neurons to the following natural stimuli were tested: stimulation of arterial baroreceptors, arterial chemoreceptors and(More)
BACKGROUND In severe alcohol withdrawal (AW), benzodiazepines may be inadequate to control symptoms. In many situations, benzodiazepine dosing escalates despite no additional efficacy and introduces potential toxicities. Severe cases of AW may require additional agents to control symptoms. Case reports and studies have shown benefits with dexmedetomidine(More)
1. Identify and understand basic fluid and electrolyte abnormalities in critically ill patients. 2. Differentiate between the types of fluids used for fluid replacement in different disease states commonly seen in the intensive care unit. 3. Recognize the causes of electrolyte abnormalities in critically ill patients. 4. Understand when and how to replace(More)
Reflexes in visceral preganglionic motility-regulating (MR) neurons which project in the lumbar splanchnic nerves were investigated in acutely spinalized cats. Some neurons were analyzed before and after spinalization. The stimuli used were mechanical stimulation of mucosal skin of the anus and of perianal (perigenital) hairy skin, and distension and(More)
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