Billie Hunne

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Ghrelin and ghrelin receptor agonist have effects on central neurons in many locations, including the hypothalamus, caudal brain stem, and spinal cord. However, descriptions of the distributions of ghrelin-like immunoreactivity in the CNS in published work are inconsistent. We have used three well-characterized anti-ghrelin antibodies, an antibody to the(More)
The late afterhyperpolarizing potential (AHP) that follows the action potential in intrinsic primary afferent neurons of the gastrointestinal tract has a profound influence on their firing patterns. There has been uncertainty about the identity of the channels that carry the late AHP current, especially in guinea pigs, where the majority of the(More)
Ghrelin, a peptide hormone from the stomach, has been recently discovered to reduce sodium excretion from the kidney. Although the effects on the kidney suggest actions in the distal nephron, the sites of expression of ghrelin receptors have not been localised. In the present work we have used a mouse that expresses green fluorescent protein under the(More)
Agonists of ghrelin receptors can lower or elevate blood pressure, and it has been suggested that the increases in blood pressure are caused by actions at receptors in the spinal cord. However, this has not been adequately investigated, and the locations of neurons in the spinal cord that express ghrelin receptors, through which blood pressure increases may(More)
Intermediate-conductance, calcium-activated, potassium (IK) channels were first identified by their roles in cell volume regulation, and were later shown to be involved in control of proliferation of lymphocytes and to provide a K+ current for epithelial secretory activity. Until now, there has been no systematic investigation of IK channel localization(More)
Circulating ghrelin reduces blood pressure, but the mechanism for this action is unknown. This study investigated whether ghrelin has direct vasodilator effects mediated through the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a) and whether ghrelin reduces sympathetic nerve activity. Mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein under control of the(More)
Neurons that have AH (designation of neurons with a prominent and prolonged after hyperpolarizing potential that follows the action potential) electrophysiological characteristics and type II morphology (AH/type II neurons) are the first neurons in reflex circuits in the small intestine. Thus, the state of excitation of these neurons strongly influences the(More)
IK channels, which had been previously found in hemopoetically derived cells (including erythrocytes and lymphocytes) and epithelial cells, where they regulate proliferation, cell volume regulation and secretion, have only recently been discovered in neurons, where they had previously been claimed not to occur. Based on immunohistochemical detection of IK(More)
A common characteristic of axonopathy is the abnormal accumulation of cytoskeletal proteins. We recently reported that streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes produced a change in the morphology of sympathetic nerve fibers supplying rat plantar metatarsal arteries (PMAs). Here we investigated whether these morphological changes are associated with(More)
Recent functional evidence suggests that intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (IK channels) occur in neurons in the small intestine and in mucosal epithelial cells in the colon. This study was undertaken to investigate whether IK channel immunoreactivity occurs at these and at other sites in the gastrointestinal tract of the rat. IK(More)