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In plants, the growth regulator indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is found both free and conjugated to a variety of amino acids, peptides, and carbohydrates. IAA conjugated to leucine has effects in Arabidopsis thaliana similar to those of free IAA. The ilr1 mutant is insensitive to exogenous IAA-Leu and was used to positionally clone the Arabidopsis ILR1 gene.(More)
Three of the four yeast ubiquitin genes encode hybrid proteins which are cleaved to yield ubiquitin and previously unidentified ribosomal proteins. The transient association between ubiquitin and these proteins promotes their incorporation into nascent ribosomes and is required for efficient ribosome biogenesis. These results suggest a novel 'chaperone'(More)
Preganglionic visceral vasoconstrictor (VVC) neurons and motility-regulating (MR) neurons and other visceral preganglionic neurons, which project in the lumbar splanchnic nerves, were analyzed for their segmental distribution, the conduction velocity of their axons, ongoing activity and reflexes elicited by electrical stimulation of visceral afferents in(More)
Lumbar preganglionic neurons, which projected in the lumbar splanchnic nerves and were probably involved in regulating motility of colon and pelvic organs (motility-regulating, MR neurons), were analyzed for their discharge patterns. The responses of the neurons to the following stimuli were tested: stimulation of arterial baro- and chemoreceptors and of(More)
Lumbar preganglionic neurons, which project in the lumbar splanchnic nerves and which probably have a vasoconstrictor function (visceral vasoconstrictor, VVC neurons), were analyzed for their discharge patterns. The responses of these neurons to the following natural stimuli were tested: stimulation of arterial baroreceptors, arterial chemoreceptors and(More)
1. Identify and understand basic fluid and electrolyte abnormalities in critically ill patients. 2. Differentiate between the types of fluids used for fluid replacement in different disease states commonly seen in the intensive care unit. 3. Recognize the causes of electrolyte abnormalities in critically ill patients. 4. Understand when and how to replace(More)
Reflexes in visceral preganglionic motility-regulating (MR) neurons which project in the lumbar splanchnic nerves were investigated in acutely spinalized cats. Some neurons were analyzed before and after spinalization. The stimuli used were mechanical stimulation of mucosal skin of the anus and of perianal (perigenital) hairy skin, and distension and(More)
Correlations of behavioral patterns in a social setting with catecholamines, serotonin, and several metabolites and precursors in three brain regions were examined in the DeFries H2, C1, and L1 strains of mice. In Experiment I, behavioral observations were recorded for two 15-min sessions in same-sex, same-strain pairs at about 65 days of age. In Experiment(More)
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