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OBJECTIVE To examine antivenom use, premedication, early adverse reactions and patient outcomes after snake bite in rural Papua New Guinea. DESIGN Retrospective chart analysis of all admissions for snake bite with documented antivenom use at 11 rural health facilities from January 1994 to June 2004. No formal protocol was followed and there was no attempt(More)
BACKGROUND Australian waters contain a variety of venomous creatures, including jellyfish, stinging fish, blue-ringed octopus, sea snakes, cone snails and stingrays. OBJECTIVE Part 2 of this article focusses on common marine envenomations other than jellyfish stings. DISCUSSION Even though mortality from these envenomations is low, there is a high level(More)
BACKGROUND Many venomous marine creatures inhabit Australian waters, causing significant morbidity and occasional fatalities. Part 1 of this article looks at jellyfish envenomations, an important overall cause of marine injuries. OBJECTIVE To discuss the features of envenomation by some of the more commonly encountered jellyfish of medical significance,(More)
BACKGROUND Redback spider bite is thought to be the commonest serious spider bite in Australia. The treatment for the envenomation syndrome it causes, termed 'latrodectism', is the most frequently used antivenom in Australia. Several cases of a 'latrodectism-like' illness after cupboard spider bites ('steatodism') have also appeared to respond to redback(More)
BACKGROUND The funnel web spiders, encompassed within the genera Atrax and Hadronyche, are the most dangerous spiders in the world. Although the incidence of envenomation is low, funnel web spiders remain a cause of considerable public concern. However, most common spider bites produce only minor effects-requiring only symptomatic treatment. OBJECTIVE(More)
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