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Puberty is characterized by temporary insulin resistance, which subsides with the completion of pubertal development. This insulin resistance is manifested by lower rates of insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism and compensatory hyperinsulinemia in pubertal compared with prepubertal children. Whether or not pubertal insulin resistance is the result of sex(More)
The prevalences of obesity and of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) have increased in the United States population over the past two decades, and thus diabetes prevention has become a major concern of public health agencies such as the National Institutes of Health. Identification of individuals at risk for diabetes is an essential first step(More)
Testosterone (T) administration to pubertal boys increases spontaneous GH secretion. It is not known whether this occurs via pituitary or hypothalamic mechanisms. We evaluated the GH secretion of 12 boys, aged 13.67 +/- 0.37 yr (mean +/- SE), diagnosed with constitutional delay in growth and adolescence. The evaluation was made both before and after 3(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of androgenic and estrogenic mechanisms in the stimulation of structural growth and plasma GH in male puberty. To resolve these two possible mechanisms, we compared the effect of two androgens in the treatment of constitutional delay in growth and adolescence: an aromatizable androgen, testosterone (T),(More)
Four boys with persistent pubertal gynecomastia were given intramuscular dihydrotestosterone heptanoate (DHT-hp) at 2 to 4-week intervals for 16 weeks. By the end of treatment, breast size in all four boys had decreased 67% to 78%. Initial plasma levels of gonadotropins, estradiol, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) were normal. Mean plasma DHT(More)
A three-phase study tested the hypothesis that the decrease in the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level observed in boys at puberty is related to an increase in the plasma testosterone concentration. In phase I, 57 boys aged 10 to 17 years were categorized into four pubertal stages based on clinical parameters and plasma testosterone levels.(More)