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1. To compare the properties of the vestibulocollic reflex (VCR) with those of vestibular neurons projecting to the neck [vestibulocollic (VC) neurons], we have studied the behavior of the latter in the decerebrate cat. Neurons were identified by their antidromic responses to stimulation in C1-C2, but not C5. Responses to stimulation of vestibular and neck(More)
Motion sickness can occur when sensory inputs regarding body position in space are contradictory or are different from those predicted from experience. Signals from the vestibular system are essential for triggering motion sickness. The evolutionary significance of this malady is unclear, although it may simply represent the aberrant activation of(More)
Previous experiments in anesthetized or decerebrate cats showed that the vestibular system participates in adjusting blood pressure during postural changes. The present experiments tested the hypothesis that removal of vestibular inputs in awake cats would affect orthostatic tolerance. Before the lesion, blood pressure typically remained within 10 mmHg of(More)
The major goal of this study was to determine the patterns of convergence of non-labyrinthine inputs from the limbs and viscera onto vestibular nucleus neurons receiving signals from vertical semicircular canals or otolith organs. A secondary aim was to ascertain whether the effects of non-labyrinthine inputs on the activity of vestibular nucleus neurons is(More)
The dorsolateral reticular formation of the caudal medulla, or the lateral tegmental field (LTF), has been classified as the brain's "vomiting center", as well as an important region in regulating sympathetic outflow. We examined the responses of LTF neurons in cats to rotations of the body that activate vestibular receptors, as well as to stimulation of(More)
During a number of behaviors, including vomiting and some postural adjustments, activity of both the diaphragm and abdominal muscles increases. Previous transneuronal tracing studies using injection of pseudorabies virus (PRV) into either the diaphragm or rectus abdominis (RA) of the ferret demonstrated that motoneurons innervating these muscles receive(More)
The loss of labyrinthine inputs in patients or animal models has been demonstrated to affect autonomic regulation. Considerable evidence suggests that vestibular-autonomic responses serve to adjust blood pressure and respiratory activity during movement and postural alterations. However, following peripheral vestibular lesions, compensation rapidly occurs,(More)
Abdominal musculature participates in generating a large number of behaviors and protective reflexes, although each abdominal muscle is frequently activated differentially during particular motor responses. For example, rectus abdominis has been reported to play less of a role in respiration than other abdominal muscles, such as transversus abdominis. In(More)
Although many previous experiments have considered the responses of vestibular nucleus neurons to rotations and translations of the head, little data are available regarding cells in the caudalmost portions of the vestibular nuclei (CVN), which mediate vestibulo-autonomic responses among other functions. This study examined the responses of CVN neurons of(More)
The parabrachial and adjacent Kölliker-Fuse (PBN/KF) nuclei play a key role in relaying visceral afferent inputs to the hypothalamus and limbic system and are, thus, believed to participate in generating nausea and affective responses elicited by gastrointestinal (GI) signals. In addition, the PBN/KF region receives inputs from the vestibular system and(More)