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The present study investigated the effects of ethanol on retrieval from long-term memory by using a set of cognitive decision tasks. Male and female subjects were administered either 0.0 or 1.0 milliliter of ethanol per kilogram of body weight, and then asked to make physical, lexical, and semantic decisions about pairs of words. In general, intoxicated(More)
The present study investigated the effects of caffeine on memory for supraspan word lists. Twelve groups of male and female college students classified as high or low impulsive were administered (PO) 0 mg/kg, 2 mg/kg or 4 mg/kg of caffeine. Subjects listened to four word lists presented at a fast rate and four at a slow rate. Caffeine inhibited females'(More)
Eighty male undergraduates were administered either glucose or 5, 10, 20, or 40 mg of hydrocortisone in a double-blind procedure. After 60 min they were asked to listen to eight 12 word lists and then asked to recall the words. In addition to the expected effects of rate of presentation, serial position, and practice there was a significant interaction(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a hepadecapeptide hormone that is synthesized in the CNS and is responsible for melanosome aggregation in the teleost fish. Recent evidence suggests that this peptide hormone has a unique distribution in the mammalian brain, which leads to the speculation that it may serve as a neuromodulator. The present study was(More)
The effects of treatment with 1-desamino-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) on memory in healthy adult human subjects were investigated. Each subject (males only) received 60 micrograms of DDAVP intranasally and then heard six narrative passages of prose presented at differing rates of presentation. Proportion of recall was measured at high, medium, and low(More)
Sixty male albino rats received DDAVP, a placebo, or control treatment and were tested on a brightness discrimination task. Three groups (DDAVP, placebo, and control) were tested in the morning and three groups were tested in the evening. The acquisition and reversal of the brightness discrimination, along with the retention of the reversal problem after a(More)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH), Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH), and related peptides have been shown to have several neurogenic effects: alteration of cerebral protein synthesis, RNA synthesis, protein phosphorylation, and neurotransmitter turnover. Furthermore, there appears to be an ACTH containing circuit in the CNS which originates in the(More)
The present study examined the effects of acute alcoholic intoxication on prose memory. Intoxicated and sober subjects listened to six narrative passages at different presentation rates. Immediately after listening to a tape-recorded version of each story, subjects orally recalled it. The results demonstrated that sober subjects recalled more than(More)