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An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding a blend of grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on growth and immunological parameters of starter pigs. A polymeric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent (GM polymer, Alltech Inc., Nicholasville, KY) was also tested for its efficacy in preventing Fusarium mycotoxicoses. A total of(More)
The objective of the present work was to determine the dietary biotin requirements of young, rapidly growing rainbow trout according to independently measured parameters. Two experiments were conducted with a purified diet which had a basal biotin level of 0.01-0.02 mg/kg. A third study was done with a nonpurified diet with or without a supplement of 1.0 mg(More)
The tolerance model of acute (i.e., wasting) pre-pubescent protein and energy deficits proposes that the immune depression characteristic of these pathologies reflects an intact anti-inflammatory form of immune competence that reduces the risk of autoimmune reactions to catabolically released self antigens. A cornerstone of this proposition is the finding(More)
Two temperatures (10 degrees and 15 degrees C) and two fish stocks differing in growth potential were used to determine the dietary riboflavin requirement of young rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) on the basis of growth parameters, tissue saturation and a flavin-dependent biochemical function. Two experiments were conducted with purified diets based on(More)
A low ratio of cellular numbers within CD4+ (helper/inducer) relative to CD8+ (suppressor/cytotoxic) thymic lymphocyte subsets (low CD4/CD8 ratio) is widely accepted as fundamental to the depression in thymus-dependent immunocompetence associated with wasting protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). The objective of this investigation, therefore was to determine(More)
We report cell numbers within major subsets of lymphocytes in the spleen, mesenteric nodes, and recirculating pool of weanling mice subjected to protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). PEM and thymus (T)-dependent immunodepression were induced in male C57BL/6J mice by a low-protein (LP) diet fed ad libitum. Recirculating lymphocyte numbers were estimated by(More)
The main objective of this investigation was to determine the influence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) in weanling mice on the expression of the hepatic and intestinal polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pigR), a molecule that transports mucosal immunoglobulin A (IgA) into the intestinal lumen. An experimental system was used that produces systemic(More)