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Since their discovery 50 years ago, the aflatoxins have become recognized as ubiquitous contaminants of the human food supply throughout the economically developing world. The adverse toxicological consequences of these compounds in populations are quite varied because of a wide range of exposures leading to acute effects, including rapid death, and chronic(More)
Synthetic triterpenoid analogues of oleanolic acid are potent inducers of the phase 2 response as well as inhibitors of inflammation. We show that the triterpenoid, 1-[2-cyano-3-,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oyl]imidazole (CDDO-Im), is a highly potent chemopreventive agent that inhibits aflatoxin-induced tumorigenesis in rat liver. The chemopreventive(More)
Studies were undertaken to evaluate the effects of exercise on the development of pancreatic cancer. Exercise is one life-style factor that has received little attention with regard to its role in the etiology of cancer. Male Lewis and female F344 rats were initiated with azaserine during the suckling period and weaned to the experimental protocols. Food(More)
1,2-Dithiole-3-thiones are five-membered cyclic sulfur-containing compounds with antioxidant, chemotherapeutic, radioprotective and chemoprotective properties. Several substituted 1,2-dithiole-3-thiones are used medicinally and one of these, oltipraz [5-(2-pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiole-3-thione], has been recently shown to be an inhibitor of aflatoxin B1(More)
Pancreatic carcinomas have been induced in Wistar and W/LEW rats by administration of total azaserine doses of 150-520 mg/kg by injection or oral routes over periods of 5-52 weeks. The latent period for development of invasive carcinomas was 1-2 years, but focal abnormalities in acinar cells appear earlier. The incidence of carcinomas varied with total(More)
1,2-Dithiol-3-thiones, reported constituents of cruciferous vegetables, are five-membered cyclic sulfur-containing compounds with antioxidant, chemotherapeutic, and chemoprotective activities. The effects of dietary administration of a substituted 1,2-dithiol-3-thione, oltipraz [5-(2-pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiol-3-thione], a potent antischistosomal(More)
We investigated possible mechanisms associated with promotion of hepatocarcinogenesis by the synthetic estrogens mestranol (M) and ethinyl estradiol (EE). Our first objective was to determine whether chronic EE treatment was associated with hepatotoxicity accompanied by regenerative hyperplasia. Female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were partially hepatectomized(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that dietary administration of the schistosomicidal drug 5-(2-pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (oltipraz) ameliorates the hepatotoxicity of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Notably, mortality, altered hepatic function, hepatic AFB1-DNA adduct levels, and expression of hepatic enzyme-altered foci were markedly reduced in the(More)
The metabolism of aflatoxin B2 by postmitochondrial supernatant fractions of duck, rat, mouse, and human livers was studied in an in vitro system. Duck liver had a much higher level of activity than had tissues from other species. Postmitochondrial supernatant equivalent to 0.2 g whole liver metabolized 40 to 80% of the initial substrate in 30 min, compared(More)