Bill D. Roebuck

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Since their discovery 50 years ago, the aflatoxins have become recognized as ubiquitous contaminants of the human food supply throughout the economically developing world. The adverse toxicological consequences of these compounds in populations are quite varied because of a wide range of exposures leading to acute effects, including rapid death, and chronic(More)
Synthetic triterpenoid analogues of oleanolic acid are potent inducers of the phase 2 response as well as inhibitors of inflammation. We show that the triterpenoid, 1-[2-cyano-3-,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oyl]imidazole (CDDO-Im), is a highly potent chemopreventive agent that inhibits aflatoxin-induced tumorigenesis in rat liver. The chemopreventive(More)
1,2-Dithiol-3-thiones, reported constituents of cruciferous vegetables, are five-membered cyclic sulfur-containing compounds with antioxidant, chemotherapeutic, and chemoprotective activities. The effects of dietary administration of a substituted 1,2-dithiol-3-thione, oltipraz [5-(2-pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiol-3-thione], a potent antischistosomal(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) is a homopolymer of ADP-ribose units synthesized from NAD+ on nuclear acceptor proteins and is known to be involved in DNA repair. It is not known whether large oral doses of the clinically utilized NAD precursors nicotinic acid or nicotinamide affect poly(ADP-ribose) metabolism or the cellular response to DNA damage. In our first study,(More)
1,2-Dithiole-3-thiones are five-membered cyclic sulfur-containing compounds with antioxidant, chemotherapeutic, radioprotective and chemoprotective properties. Several substituted 1,2-dithiole-3-thiones are used medicinally and one of these, oltipraz [5-(2-pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiole-3-thione], has been recently shown to be an inhibitor of aflatoxin B1(More)
Studies were undertaken to evaluate the effects of exercise on the development of pancreatic cancer. Exercise is one life-style factor that has received little attention with regard to its role in the etiology of cancer. Male Lewis and female F344 rats were initiated with azaserine during the suckling period and weaned to the experimental protocols. Food(More)
Generalized cellular hyperplasia has long been associated as a factor in the causation of liver cancer. Parenchymal cell hyperplasia resulting from hepatotoxins, viruses, parasites, or malnutrition is exceedingly variable as to when it occurs, its extent, and its duration. Partial hepatectomy has been used as an experimental tool precisely because the(More)
Clinical cancer prevention studies that use disease as an endpoint are of necessity, large, lengthy, and extremely costly. Development of the field of cancer chemoprevention is being accelerated by the application of intermediate markers to preclinical and clinical studies. Sensitive and specific analytic methods have been developed for detecting and(More)
Pancreatic carcinomas have been induced in Wistar and W/LEW rats by administration of total azaserine doses of 150-520 mg/kg by injection or oral routes over periods of 5-52 weeks. The latent period for development of invasive carcinomas was 1-2 years, but focal abnormalities in acinar cells appear earlier. The incidence of carcinomas varied with total(More)