Bill D. Roebuck

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Synthetic triterpenoid analogues of oleanolic acid are potent inducers of the phase 2 response as well as inhibitors of inflammation. We show that the triterpenoid, 1-[2-cyano-3-,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oyl]imidazole (CDDO-Im), is a highly potent chemopreventive agent that inhibits aflatoxin-induced tumorigenesis in rat liver. The chemopreventive(More)
The effects of dietary administration of ethoxyquin (EQ) on aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) metabolism, DNA adduct formation and removal, and hepatic tumorigenesis were examined in male Fischer rats. Rats were fed a semipurified diet containing 0.4% EQ for 1 wk, gavaged with 250 micrograms of AFB1 per kg 5 times a wk during the next 2 wk, and, finally, restored to the(More)
Dithiolethiones are an important class of cancer chemopreventive agents. More than 50 new dithiolethione analogs were synthesized for structure-activity studies. Using selected dithiolethiones, studies were designed to measure protection against the hepatotoxicity of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and relate it to the protection against carcinogenicity. Young male(More)
The ingestion of high levels of fats, especially unsaturated fats, has been shown to enhance carcinogenesis in a variety of experimental model systems. Recently attention has focused upon the unsaturated linoleic fatty acid (18:2 omega 6) as a key component for this postinitiation enhancement. We have investigated the dose-effect relationship of this(More)
l,2-Dithiol-3-thiones, reported constituents of cruciferous vegetables, are five-membered cyclic sulfur-containing compounds with antioxidant, chemotherapeutic, and chemoprotective activities. The effects of dietary administration of a substituted l,2-dithiol-3-thione, oltipraz
Effects of sex steroids on pancreatic carcinogenesis during the early stage were studied in azaserine-treated rats of both sexes. Fischer rats were given weekly i.p. injections of azaserine (30 mg/kg) [CAS:115-02; diazoacetate serine(ester)] at 2 and 3 weeks of age and were divided into six groups. Castration, ovariectomy, and s.c. implantations of either a(More)
Chemoprevention by chlorophyll (Chl) was investigated in a rat multi-organ carcinogenesis model. Twenty-one male F344 rats in three gavage groups (N = 7 rats each) received five daily doses of 250 microg/kg [(3)H]-aflatoxin B(1) ([(3)H]-AFB(1)) alone, or with 250 mg/kg chlorophyllin (CHL), or an equimolar amount (300 mg/kg) of Chl. CHL and Chl reduced(More)
The effect of dietary exposure to synthetic estrogens on hepatocarcinogenesis was evaluated. Diethylnitrosamine-initiated and 0.85% NaCl solution-treated noninitiated female Sprague-Dawley rats were transferred to semisynthetic diets containing mestranol (0, 0.1, or 0.5 ppm), ethinyl estradiol (0.5 ppm), estradiol (0.6 ppm), or mestranol plus beta-methasone(More)
3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (D3T) and its analogues 4-methyl-5-pyrazinyl-3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (OLT) and 5-tert-butyl-3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (TBD) are chemopreventive agents that block or diminish early stages of carcinogenesis by inducing activities of detoxication enzymes. While OLT has been used in clinical trials, TBD has been shown to be more(More)
In two experiments, the effects of caloric restriction during the postinitiation phase of pancreatic carcinogenesis were evaluated. Male Lewis rats were given injections of azaserine at 14 days of age and weaned to the postinitiation test protocols at 21 days of age. In the first experiment, the caloric content of the diets was restricted by 10, 15, 20, and(More)