Bill B Chen

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Pneumonia remains the leading cause of infectious deaths and yet fundamentally new conceptual models underlying its pathogenesis have not emerged. Patients and mice with bacterial pneumonia have marked elevations of cardiolipin in lung fluid, a rare, mitochondrial-specific phospholipid that potently disrupts surfactant function. Intratracheal cardiolipin in(More)
Dysregulated behavior of cell cycle proteins and their control by ubiquitin E3 ligases is an emerging theme in human lung cancer. Here, we identified and characterized the activity of a novel F-box protein, termed FBXL2, belonging to the SCF (Skip-Cullin1-F-box protein) E3 ligase family. Ectopically expressed FBXL2 triggered G2/M-phase arrest, induced(More)
Uncontrolled activation of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) proteins may result in profound tissue injury by linking surface signals to cytokine release. Here we show that a ubiquitin E3 ligase component, Fbxo3, potently stimulates cytokine secretion from human inflammatory cells by destabilizing a sentinel TRAF inhibitor, Fbxl2.(More)
Hematologic maligancies exhibit a growth advantage by up-regulation of components within the molecular apparatus involved in cell-cycle progression. The SCF (Skip-Cullin1-F-box protein) E3 ligase family provides homeostatic feedback control of cell division by mediating ubiquitination and degradation of cell-cycle proteins. By screening several previously(More)
Neutrophil elastase (NE) and cathepsin G (CG) contribute to intracellular microbial killing but, if left unchecked and released extracellularly, promote tissue damage. Conversely, mechanisms that constrain neutrophil serine protease activity protect against tissue damage but may have the untoward effect of disabling the microbial killing arsenal. The host(More)
Cytokine-driven inflammation underlies the pathobiology of a wide array of infectious and immune-related disorders. The TNFR-associated factor (TRAF) proteins have a vital role in innate immunity by conveying signals from cell surface receptors to elicit transcriptional activation of genes encoding proinflammatory cytokines. We discovered that a ubiquitin(More)
Ubiquitin E3 ligases represent an increasingly diverse group of proteins whose precise biologic role still remains enigmatic. Of the SCF (Skp1-Cullin1-F-box) E3 ligase family, for example, only very few subunits from over 60 family members are well-characterized. The SCF apparatus contains a multi-subunit catalytic core consisting of Skp1, Cullin1 and the(More)