Bilal Farouk El-Zayat

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Orexin-A (OXA) regulates food intake and energy homeostasis. It increases insulin secretion in vivo and in vitro, although controversial effects of OXA on plasma glucagon are reported. We characterized the effects of OXA on glucagon secretion and identify intracellular target molecules in glucagon-producing cells. Glucagon secretion from in situ perfused(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study is the presentation of the polyaxial locking NCB-plate in the treatment of femoral fractures, especially in elderly patients and in proximity of a prosthetic implant. The reduction and fixation of these fractures is a challenging surgical procedure with high complication rates reported up to 40%. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
It is assumed that unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) features kinematics close to the natural knee. Clinical studies have also shown functional benefits for UKA. There is to date only little biomechanical data to support or explain these findings. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether UKA is able to preserve natural knee kinematics or not.(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of shoulder mobility is essential for diagnosis and clinical follow-up of shoulder diseases. Only a few highly sophisticated instruments for objective measurements of shoulder mobility are available. The recently introduced DynaPort MiniMod TriGyro ShoulderTest-System (DP) was validated earlier in laboratory trials. We aimed to assess(More)
BACKGROUND A great variety of methods for the stabilisation of periprosthetic fractures around total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have been described. We present the data of our experience in combining a polyaxial, anatomical locking plate with a standardised less invasive technique in the treatment of periprosthetic and peri-implant (femoral(More)
No evidence-based guidelines are available to determine the appropriate stem length, and whether or not to cement stems in revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare stresses and relative movement of cemented and uncemented stems of different lengths using a finite element analysis. A finite element model(More)
PURPOSE Modular bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BKA) for treatment of medio-patellofemoral osteoarthritis (OA) should allow for close to normal kinematics in comparison with unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) and the native knee. There is so far no data to support this. SCOPE Six fresh frozen full leg cadaver specimens were prepared and mounted in a(More)
Balancing unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) is challenging. If not performed properly, it may lead to implant loosening or progression of osteoarthritis in the preserved compartment. This study was aimed to document the biomechanical effects of improper balancing. We hypothesised that overstuffing would lead to more valgus, higher strain in the medial(More)
BACKGROUND Primary stability of cartilage repair constructs is of the utmost importance in the clinical setting but few continuous passive motion (CPM) models are available. Our study aimed to establish a novel ex vivo CPM animal model and to evaluate the required motion cycles for testing the mechanical properties of a new cell-free collagen type I gel(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Thoracolumbar extension-distraction fractures are rare injuries mainly restricted to patients suffering from ankylosing spinal disorders. The most appropriate surgical treatment of these unstable spinal injuries remains to be clarified. PURPOSE To report on a cohort of 10 patients treated with closed reduction and percutaneous dorsal(More)