Bikash R. Sahoo

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Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a member of TLR family. It recognizes a wide range of bacteria and their products, and is involved in inducing innate immune responses. In this article, we reported inductive expression of TLR2 and myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88)-dependent signaling in the Indian major carp, mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala)(More)
In lower eukaryotes-like fish, innate immunity contributed by various pattern recognition receptor (PRR) plays an essential role in protection against diseases. Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-2 is a cytoplasmic PRR that recognizes MDP (muramyl dipeptide) of the Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria as ligand and activates signalling(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play key roles in sensing wide array of microbial signatures and induction of innate immunity. TLR2 in fish resembles higher eukaryotes by sensing peptidoglycan (PGN) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) of bacterial cell wall and zymosan of yeasts. However, in fish TLR2, no study yet describes the ligand binding motifs in the leucine rich(More)
Enzyme adenosine kinase is responsible for phosphorylation of adenosine to AMP and is crucial for parasites which are purine auxotrophs. The present study describes development of robust homology model of Leishmania donovani adenosine kinase to forecast interaction phenomenon with inhibitory molecules using structure-based drug designing strategy. Docking(More)
Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 (NOD1) and NOD2 are cytosolic pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) composed of an N-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD), a central NACHT domain and C-terminal leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). They play a vital role in innate immune signaling by activating the NF-κB pathway(More)
Viral infections are one of the major challenges in aquaculture production, and considered as the potential threat for fish farming. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 and TLR22 are highly specialized innate immune receptors that recognize double-stranded (ds)-RNA of viruses resulting in the induction of innate immunity. The existence of TLR3 and TLR22 only in(More)
Nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1), a cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptor (PRR) and is a key component for modulating innate immunity and signaling. It is highly specific to γ-D-Glu-mDAP (iE-DAP), a cell wall component of Gram-negative and few Gram-positive bacteria. In the absence of the experimental structure of NOD1 leucine rich(More)
The cathelicidin derived bovine antimicrobial peptide BMAP27 exhibits an effective microbicidal activity and moderate cytotoxicity towards erythrocytes. Irrespective of its therapeutic and multidimensional potentiality, the structural studies are still elusive. Moreover, the mechanism of BMAP27 mediated pore formation in heterogeneous lipid membrane systems(More)
UNLABELLED A Leishmania Microsatellite Database (LeishMicrosatDB) is reported for genome wise mining of microsatellites in six Leishmania species, using in silico techniques. This was created to provide parasitologists a platform to understand the genome characterization, mapping, phylogeny and evolutionary analysis. The present version of the database(More)
New treatments for visceral leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania donovani, are needed to overcome sustained toxicity, cost, and drug resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of 2-nitro-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)benzenesulfonamide (2NB) against promastigote and amastigote forms of L. donovani and examine its effect in combination(More)