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Multi-unit visual responses to light intensities ranging from -6.46 to 0.81 logcd/m2 were recorded from the surface of the superior colliculus of dark-adapted normal pigmented and normal albino rats. Light sensitivity was significantly higher in albinos. The response onset latency was inversely proportional to the stimulus intensity. The progression of the(More)
The effects of cimetidine and indomethacin on the growth of dimethylhydrazine induced or transplanted intestinal tumours in the rat have been studied. Cimetidine is a histamine type 2 receptor antagonist and indomethacin is an inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis. Two models of rat intestinal tumours were used: a colon carcinoma line transplantable in(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether retinal transplantation can preserve visual responses in the superior colliculus (SC) of the S334ter-line-5 rat, a transgenic model for slow photoreceptor degeneration, which is more similar to human retinitis pigmentosa than the fast degeneration line 3 S334ter rat. METHODS Visual responses to a light flash were recorded in(More)
BACKGROUND Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited disorder with point mutations in mitochondrial DNA which result in loss of vision in young adults. The majority of mutations reported to date are within the genes encoding the subunits of the mitochondrial NADH-quinone oxidoreductase, complex I. Establishment of animal models of(More)
A previously described optokinetic testing apparatus [Nat. Neurosci. 5 (2002) 53] was modified to measure vision in each eye separately for evaluation of monocular treatments. This apparatus consists also of a striped rotating drum. Ca. 170 degrees of the drum are illuminated from outside and ca. 190 degrees of the drum move behind a stationary black wall.(More)
The aim of this study was to establish synapses between a transplant and a degenerated retina. To tackle this difficult task, a little-known but well-established CNS method was chosen: trans-synaptic pseudorabies virus (PRV) tracing. Sheets of E19 rat retina with or without retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) were transplanted to the subretinal space in 33(More)
PURPOSE To correlate the functional outcomes with histologic findings following transplantation of fetal retinal sheets in rd mice, and to investigate the mechanisms of visual function restoration. METHODS Twenty-one postnatal day 31-38 rd/rd (C3H/HeJ) mice were transplanted in one eye with retinal sheets (1.0 x 0.4 mm) obtained from embryonic day (E) 17(More)
A visual discrimination apparatus was developed to evaluate the visual sensitivity of normal pigmented rats (n=13) and S334ter-line-3 retinal degenerate (RD) rats (n=15). The apparatus is a modified Y maze consisting of two chambers leading to the rats' home cage. Rats were trained to find a one-way exit door leading into their home cage, based on(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether retinal progenitor layer transplants form synaptic connections with the host and restore vision. Donor retinal sheets, isolated from embryonic day 19 rat fetuses expressing human placental alkaline phosphatase (hPAP), were transplanted to the subretinal space of 18 S334ter-3 rats with fast retinal degeneration(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate retinal sheet transplants in S334ter-line-3 retinal degenerate rats by comparing visual responses recorded electrophysiologically with morphology based on light and electron microscopy. METHODS S334ter-line-3 retinal degenerate rats (n = 7) received retinal sheet transplants between postnatal days 28 and 31. The donor tissue was(More)