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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Kerala State is a harbinger of what will happen in future to the rest of India in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD). We assessed: (i) the burden of NCD risk factors; (ii) estimated the relations of behavioural risk factors to socio-demographic correlates, anthropometric risk factors with behavioural risk factors; (iii)(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It primarily affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. TB remains one of the leading causes of death in developing countries, and its recent resurgences in both developed and developing countries warrant global attention. The number of(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of gestational diabetes is on the rise. Understanding the various outcomes of it is necessary to face this challenge. OBJECTIVES To study the frequency of occurrence of various maternal and fetal outcomes among gestational diabetes patients. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study conducted in rural Kerala, a southern(More)
BACKGROUND Effective policies to control hypertension require an understanding of its distribution in the population and the barriers people face along the pathway from detection through to treatment and control. One key factor is household wealth, which may enable or limit a household's ability to access health care services and adequately control such a(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue cases are increasing in Kerala since 2010. Information on clustering of cases across locations and time periods is vital for disease surveillance and timely control. OBJECTIVES The objective is to study spatiotemporal clustering of dengue cases and their climatic and physioenvironmental correlates in Thiruvananthapuram district during(More)
Many a times the terms Quality of Life (QOL), subjective well being/well being, happiness, life satisfaction, good life are used synonymously, they do overlap conceptually [1]. However QOL is a multidimensional rather than unidirectional concept. It looks into many domains and facets that have an impact on lifestyle. Every culture has different factors(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is one of the most important determinants of death due to vascular damage and is fast emerging as a high burden disease in India. However, its documentation is poor in the country. This study aims to estimate the rate and the causal pattern of mortality in a cohort of people with high blood pressure as compared to normotensives. (More)
Automatic tuberculosis (TB) detection methods using microscopic images are becoming more popular now a days. Auto-focusing is the first and foremost step in the development of an automated microscope for TB detection. Different focus measures exist for the selection of in-focus image from both fluorescence and bright field microscopic images. Recently, some(More)
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