Bijoy K. Mohanty

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In vitro, polynucleotide phosphorylase of Escherichia coli can both synthesize RNA by using nucleotide diphosphates as precursors and exonucleolytically degrade RNA in the presence of inorganic phosphate. However, because of the high in vivo concentration of inorganic phosphate in exponentially growing cells, it has been assumed that the enzyme works(More)
In Escherichia coli, the post-transcriptional addition of poly(A) tails by poly(A) polymerase I (PAP I, pcnB) plays a significant role in cellular RNA metabolism. However, many important features of this system, including its regulation and the selection of polyadenylation sites, are still poorly understood. Here we show that the inactivation of Hfq (hfq),(More)
The primase DnaG of Escherichia coli requires the participation of the replicative helicase DnaB for optimal synthesis of primer RNA for lagging strand replication. However, previous studies had not determined whether the activation of the primase or its loading on the template was accomplished by a helicase-mediated structural alteration of the(More)
Polyadenylation of RNAs by poly(A) polymerase I (PAP I) in Escherichia coli plays a significant role in mRNA decay and general RNA quality control. However, many important features of this system, including the prevalence of polyadenylated mRNAs in the bacterium, are still poorly understood. By comparing the transcriptomes of wild-type and pcnB deletion(More)
To help understand the role of polyadenylation in Escherichia coli RNA metabolism, we constructed an IPTG-inducible pcnB [poly(A) polymerase I, PAP I] containing plasmid that permitted us to vary poly(A) levels without affecting cell growth or viability. Increased polyadenylation led to a decrease in the half-life of total pulse-labelled RNA along with(More)
Tiling microarrays have proven to be a valuable tool for gaining insights into the transcriptomes of microbial organisms grown under various nutritional or stress conditions. Here, we describe the use of such an array, constructed at the level of 20 nt resolution for the Escherichia coli MG1655 genome, to observe genome-wide changes in the steady-state RNA(More)
The first step in the current model for the processing and maturation of mono- and polycistronic tRNA precursors in Escherichia coli involves initial cleavages by RNase E 1-3 nt downstream of each chromosomally encoded CCA determinant. Subsequently, each mature 5' terminus is generated by single RNase P cleavage, while the 3' terminus undergoes(More)
Poly(A) tails in Escherichia coli are hypothesized to provide unstructured single-stranded substrates that facilitate the degradation of mRNAs by ribonucleases. Here, we have investigated the role that such nucleases play in modulating polyadenylation in vivo by measuring total poly(A) levels, polyadenylation of specific transcripts, growth rates and cell(More)
The widely accepted model for the processing of tRNAs in Escherichia coli involves essential initial cleavages by RNase E within polycistronic transcripts to generate pre-tRNAs that subsequently become substrates for RNase P. However, recently we identified two polycistronic tRNA transcripts whose endonucleolytic processing was solely dependent on RNase P.(More)
Previous work has shown that simultaneous inactivation of polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) and RNase II (both 3' 5' exonucleases) in Escherichia coli leads to the loss of cell viability and the accumulation of partially degraded mRNA species. In order to help to distinguish how these two enzymes globally affect the abundance and decay of mRNAs, we have(More)