Biji Theyilamannil Kurien

Learn More
Free radical-mediated oxidative damage and consequent protein modification by the end products of oxidative damage are important mediators of cell toxicity and disease pathogenesis. Aldehydic products, mainly the 4-hydroxy-2-alkenals, form adducts with proteins and make them highly immunogenic. Oxidative modification of proteins has been shown to elicit(More)
Free radicals and damage caused by these molecular species are implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases, including autoimmune. Here we have examined oxidative damage, SOD activity and autoantibodies against SOD in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a multifactorial disease with autoantibody production as an universal feature. We found(More)
Activation of PI-PLC initiates two independent branches of protein phosphorylation cascades catalyzed by either PKC or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK). We find that phosrestin I (PRI), a Drosophila homolog of vertebrate photoreceptor arrestin, undergoes light-induced phosphorylation on a subsecond time scale which is faster than that of any(More)
Encoded by the peptidase D (PEPD) gene located at 19q12-q13.11, prolidase is a ubiquitous cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes hydrolysis of oligopeptides with a C-terminal proline or hydroxyproline. We describe here four Amish children with a severe phenotype of prolidase deficiency in the Geauga settlements of Ohio as the first report of prolidase deficiency(More)
Lipid peroxidation has been implicated in a variety of diseases. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), a major oxidation by-product, is cytotoxic, mutagenic, and genotoxic, being involved in disease pathogenesis. Naturally occurring pharmacologically active small molecules are very attractive as natural nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Interest has greatly(More)
About 90% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are female. We hypothesize that the number of X chromosomes, not sex, is a determinate of risk of SLE. Number of X chromosomes was determined by single nucleotide typing and then confirmed by karyotype or fluorescent in situ hybridization in a large group of men with SLE. Presence of an sry gene(More)
Lipid peroxidation is an important process in oxygen toxicity. Free radicals inflict this damage by attacking polyunsaturated fatty acids, thus setting off a deleterious chain reaction that ultimately results in their disintegration into malondialdehye, 4 hydroxy-2-nonenal and other harmful by-products. Peroxidation of lipids has been implicated in several(More)