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Activation of PI-PLC initiates two independent branches of protein phosphorylation cascades catalyzed by either PKC or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK). We find that phosrestin I (PRI), a Drosophila homolog of vertebrate photoreceptor arrestin, undergoes light-induced phosphorylation on a subsecond time scale which is faster than that of any(More)
About 90% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are female. We hypothesize that the number of X chromosomes, not sex, is a determinate of risk of SLE. Number of X chromosomes was determined by single nucleotide typing and then confirmed by karyotype or fluorescent in situ hybridization in a large group of men with SLE. Presence of an sry gene(More)
Free radicals and damage caused by these molecular species are implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases, including autoimmune. Here we have examined oxidative damage, SOD activity and autoantibodies against SOD in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a multifactorial disease with autoantibody production as an universal feature. We found(More)
Our purpose was to compile information on the haematological manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), namely leucopenia, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and myelofibrosis. During our search of the English-language MEDLINE sources, we did not place a(More)
Western blotting (protein blotting or immunoblotting) is a powerful and important procedure for the immunodetection of proteins post-electrophoresis, particularly proteins that are of low abundance. Since the inception of the protocol for protein transfer from an electrophoresed gel to a membrane in 1979, protein blotting has evolved greatly. The scientific(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is characterized by the production of Abs to ribonucleoproteins, including Ro (or SS-A) and La (or SS-B). The mechanism by which these autoantibodies arise is unknown. We have immunized rabbits with peptides from the sequence of the 60-kDa Ro. Animals so immunized not only produce Abs to the immunogen peptide, but also develop(More)
Western blotting is a very sensitive and powerful fundamental technique in immunology that has been used to detect and characterize proteins of low abundance. This technique employs the transfer of proteins separated on SDS-PAGE to nitrocellulose sheets for further detection using antibodies. Here we report the non-electrophoretic transfer of the 60-kDa Ro(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with autoantibodies as a near universal feature of the disease. The Ro ribonucleoprotein particle, composed of a 60-kDa protein noncovalently associated with human cytoplasmic RNA, is the target of antibodies in 25-40% of lupus patients. Purified human 60-kDa Ro was found to be oxidatively(More)
Oxidative damage mediated by reactive oxygen species results in the generation of deleterious by-products. The oxidation process itself and the proteins modified by these molecules are important mediators of cell toxicity and disease pathogenesis. Aldehydic products, mainly the 4-hydroxy-2-alkenals, form adducts with proteins and make them highly(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multifactorial disorder characterized by the presence of autoantibodies. We and others have implicated free radical mediated peroxidative damage in the pathogenesis of SLE. Since harmful free radical products are formed during this oxidative process, including 4-hydroxy 2-nonenol (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde(More)