Bijay Kumar Jha

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Amino acids derived from hemoglobin are essential to protein synthesis required for growth and development of the Plasmodium vivax malaria parasite. M17 leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) is a cytosolic metallo-exopeptidase that catalyzes the removal of amino acids from the peptide generated in the process of hemoglobin degradation. Inhibitors of the enzyme have(More)
Minocycline was recently found to be effective against cancer. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of minocycline in cancer are poorly understood. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1, a heterodimeric transcription factor composed of HIF-1α and β) activates the transcription of genes that are involved in angiogenesis in cancer. In this study, we found(More)
Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved protein degradation pathway in eukaryotes, plays essential roles during starvation and cellular differentiation by eliminating unwanted and/or unnecessary cell material including organelles. Autophagy protein 16 (Atg16) is an essential component of the autophagic machinery. The present study identified and(More)
The encystation of Acanthamoeba leads to the formation of resilient cysts from vegetative trophozoites. This process is essential for parasite survival under unfavorable conditions, such as those associated with starvation, low temperatures, and biocides. Furthermore, cysteine proteases have been implicated in the massive turnover of intracellular(More)
Miconazole is an imidazole antifungal agent that has amply been used in the treatment of superficial mycosis. Preliminary data indicate that miconazole may also induce anticancer effects. As yet, however, little is known about the therapeutic efficacy of miconazole on cancer and the putative mechanism(s) involved. Here, we show that miconazole suppresses(More)
Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is a major chemical constituent of Juglans mandshruica Maxim. Recent studies have demonstrated that juglone exhibits anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-parasitic properties. However, its effect against Acanthamoeba has not been defined yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of juglone(More)
Chloroquine has been used massively for vivax malaria prophylaxis and treatment in the Republic of Korea (ROK) military personnel from 1997. Although prophylaxis is generally regarded as successful among ROK military, prophylaxis failure has been repeatedly reported. Before the prophylaxis program was started on July 4th 2011, which was completed on October(More)
Lysosomal accumulation of drugs with their specific physicochemical properties is of key importance to drug distribution in the body. Several attempts have been made to treat various human diseases by employing the accumulation of lysosomal drugs, and many methods to identify lysosomal accumulation of drugs have been proposed. Among those, the use of(More)
Rodent malaria parasites, such as Plasmodium berghei, are practical and useful model organisms for human malaria research because of their analogies to the human malaria in terms of structure, physiology, and life cycle. Exploiting the available genetic sequence information, we constructed a cDNA library from the erythrocytic stages of P. berghei and(More)
Acanthamoeba is an opportunistic protozoan parasite responsible for different diseases in humans, such as granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and amoebic keratitis. Tigecycline, a third-generation tetracycline antibiotic, has potential activity to treat most of the antibiotic resistant bacterial infections. The effects of tigecycline in eukaryotic cells as(More)