Bijandra Kumar

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Grain boundaries can markedly affect the electronic, thermal, mechanical and optical properties of a polycrystalline graphene. While in many applications the presence of grain boundaries in graphene is undesired, here we show that they have an ideal structure for the detection of chemical analytes. We observe that an isolated graphene grain boundary has(More)
P. Yasaei, Dr. B. Kumar, M. Asadi, Prof. A. Salehi-Khojin Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago , IL 60607 , USA E-mail: T. Foroozan, Prof. J. E. Indacochea Department of Civil and Materials Engineering University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago , IL 60607 , USA C. Wang, Prof. R. F.(More)
Conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuels is an attractive solution to many energy and environmental challenges. However, the chemical inertness of CO2 renders many electrochemical and photochemical conversion processes inefficient. We report a transition metal dichalcogenide nanoarchitecture for catalytic electrochemical CO2 conversion to carbon(More)
Batteries based on sodium superoxide and on potassium superoxide have recently been reported. However, there have been no reports of a battery based on lithium superoxide (LiO2), despite much research into the lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) battery because of its potential high energy density. Several studies of Li-O2 batteries have found evidence of LiO2 being(More)
Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide has been recognized as an efficient way to convert carbon dioxide to energy-rich products. Noble metals (for example, gold and silver) have been demonstrated to reduce carbon dioxide at moderate rates and low overpotentials. Nevertheless, the development of inexpensive systems with an efficient carbon dioxide(More)
Volatile organic compounds (VOC) sensors have recently extended their field of application to medical area as they are considered as biomarkers in anticipated diagnosis of diseases such as lung cancer by breath analysis. Conductive polymer nanocomposites (CPC) have already proved their interest to fabricate sensors for the design of electronic noses(More)
A fundamental understanding of chemical sensing mechanisms in graphene-based chemical field-effect transistors (chemFETs) is essential for the development of next generation chemical sensors. Here we explore the hidden sensing modalities responsible for tailoring the gas detection ability of pristine graphene sensors by exposing graphene chemFETs to(More)
Chemo-resistive sensors were prepared from monodisperse poly(aniline) nanoparticles (PaniNP) synthesized via oxidative dispersion polymerization. Poly(styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) was used as the stabilizer and dopant agent. PaniNP transducers were assembled by spraying layer by layer a solution containing different concentrations of PaniNP and multi-wall(More)
The chemo-electrical properties of chitosan-carbon nanotubes (Chit-CNT) Conductive bio-Polymer nano-Composites (CPC) transducers processed by spray layer-by-layer (LbL) technique have been investigated. Results show that unlike most synthetic polymer matrices, chitosan provides the transducer with high sensitivity towards not only polar vapours like water(More)
Preparation and properties of Chitosan (CS)-clay nanocomposites grafted with polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) with different clay ratios are herein discussed. CS is intercalated into sodium montmorrilonite and PDMS is grafted onto CS under UV irradiation. Sample films of CS intercalated into clay and grafted with PDMS were prepared by solvent casting method(More)