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Low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) has been considered as a treatment modality in diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP). The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of LILT on DSP. We examined 107 subjects with type 2 diabetes for detection of DSP using the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI). Seventeen subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is the most common and debilitating neurological disorder among adults, and is a sudden onset of neurological signs caused by brain blood vessels impairments. OBJECTIVES Some new therapeutic methods focus on the use of magnetic stimulation to produce therapeutic effects by inducing the currents. The aim of this study is to determine the(More)
TMS is based on the principle of electromagnetic induction , as discovered by Michael Faraday in 1838. The development of TMS (Barker et al., 1985) has enabled safe and painless investigation of the motor cortex and the integrity of the central motor pathways. Interest in tDCS in clinical practice has been growing, however, the knowledge about its efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND The investigation and comparison of the effects of acupuncture and isometric exercises on pain and quality of life in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis (OA). OA is the most common form of joint disease and one leading cause of disability in the elderly. The symptoms of OA are pain, morning stiffness, and joint limited motion. Different(More)
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