Bigna Degen

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Heroin dependence (HD) is a chronic relapsing brain disorder characterized by a compulsion to seek and use heroin. Stress is seen as a key factor for heroin use. Methadone maintenance and the prescription of pharmaceutical heroin [diacetylmorphine (DAM)] are established treatments for HD in several countries. The present study examined whether(More)
Relapse is a major concern in autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Therefore, purging of bone marrow to reduce the amount of tumor cells reinfused into the patient is widely used. Immunologic effector cells such as lymphokine activated killer (LAK) cells are attractive for purging of bone marrow since these cells might have an additional in vivo(More)
Alcohol dependence is a heavy burden on patients, their families, and society. Epidemiological studies indicate that alcohol dependence will affect many individuals at some time in their lives, with men affected more frequently than women. Since alcohol-dependent patients often exhibit a lack of social skills and suffer from interpersonal problems, the aim(More)
The Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), one of the most common co-morbid psychiatric disorders in heroin-dependent patients, is associated with a lack of affective modulation. The present study aimed to compare the affect-modulated startle responses of opioid-maintained heroin-dependent patients with and without ASPD relative to those of healthy(More)
A hereditary pericentric inversion of chromosome 5(p13 leads to q35) was detected in a family after the birth of a child with Cri-du-Chat-syndrome [46,XY,del(5)(p13)]. Prenatal diagnoses were carried out in three pregnancies in this family. The following results were found in the amniotic fluid cells: first pregnancy 46,XX; second 46,XY, inv(5)(p13 leads to(More)
BACKGROUND Cocaine has become one of the drugs of most concern in Switzerland, being associated with a wide range of medical, psychiatric and social problems. Available treatment options for cocaine dependence are rare. The study sought to compare combined prize-based contingency management (prizeCM) plus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to CBT alone in(More)
In the blast cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) more than 50 chromosomes can be observed in a quarter of cases. As a rule these children have a good prognosis. However, some of these patients develop a relapse of their basic disease. There is only poor information about the significance of distinct additional chromosomes for the(More)