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We have recently shown that intrastriatal injection of recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) protects dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) from 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) toxicity in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. However, systemic administration of EPO did not protect nigral DA neurons, suggesting that the blood–brain barrier limits(More)
Recombinant vectors based on adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) target the liver efficiently, but the transgene expression is limited to ∼5% of murine hepatocytes. Viral second-strand DNA synthesis continues to be a rate-limiting step for efficient transduction by the single-stranded AAV (ssAAV) vectors. This is due, in part, to the presence of a cellular(More)
To identify the function of HAb18G/CD147 in invasion of host cells by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV), we analyzed the protein-protein interaction among HAb18G/CD147, cyclophilin A (CyPA), and SARS-CoV structural proteins by coimmunoprecipitation and surface plasmon resonance analysis. Although none of the SARS-CoV proteins was(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which is an endogenous insulinotropic peptide that can stimulate islet cells to secret insulin, is a promising new drug candidate for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, due to the very short half-life of this peptide, the clinical value of GLP-1 is restricted. A GLP-1 peptide analog that had been altered by deletion(More)
In a screening for proteolytically active lactic acid bacteria, three strains, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis 92202, Lactobacillus helveticus 92201, and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus 92059, showed the highest activities following growth in milk. All three strains degraded α- and β-casein, but did not hydrolyse κ-casein. HPLC analysis of(More)
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