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BACKGROUND Apart from being a major cause of mortality, nosocomial infections due to Staphylococcus aureus have been imposing a burden on patients, hospitals and health care systems. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) among nosocomial isolates along with their phenotypic characterization. (More)
To find out the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus nosocomial infection and methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), clinical samples from nosocomially infected patients were processed by following standard methodology in microbiology laboratory, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. Of 149 S. aureus isolates, skin infection isolates(More)
INTRODUCTION Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the most common cause of nosocomial infection has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. They are normally resistant to most of the antibiotics used in clinical practice. This study has been carried out to find out the resistance pattern among S. aureus. METHODS(More)
Staphylococcus aureus (n=84) isolated from the nostrils of a healthy population from Kathmandu and from the infectious cases (n=100) from Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal were tested from May 1996 to March 1997 in Central Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal by microbiological and chemical methods to(More)
  • B Shrestha
  • 2008
This study was carried out to find out the prevalence of syphilis is healthy male populations. Test for Syphilis is mandatory for those who apply for overseas employment, especially in Middle East countries. From randomly selected Nepalese male population (16-50 years) seeking jobs abroad, 2585 blood samples were collected and tested by nontreponemal test,(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carrying the important virulence determinant, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), is an emerging infectious pathogen associated with skin and soft tissue infections as well as life-threatening invasive diseases. In carrying out the first PVL prevalence study in Nepal, we screened 73 nosocomial isolates of S.(More)
  • B Shrestha
  • 2013
Panton Valentine leukocidin is a toxin making pores in the polymorphonuclear cells which is a virulence factor of some strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Initially it was produced by methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus only. Later with the acquisition of mecA gene has lead it to be PVL positive methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Since(More)