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The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor Mitf plays a critical role in regulating many aspects of melanocyte biology. It is required for melanoblast and postnatal melanocyte survival, regulates proliferation, and activates genes associated with differentiation such as tyrosinase and related genes involved in melanogenesis. Identifying the signals(More)
Melanogenesis is one of the characteristic functional activities of melanocyte/melanoma and is regulated via mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Akt/protein kinase B (PKB) pathways. Placental total lipid fraction (PTLF), prepared from a hydroalcoholic extract of fresh term human placenta contains sphingolipids and was recently shown to stimulate(More)
Lipids, particularly sphingolipids, are emerging as novel regulators of cellular activity. A placental total lipid fraction (PTLF), the total lipid prepared from an hydroalcoholic extract of fresh term human placenta, was previously shown to have a pigment-inducing activity in an animal model. The PTLF contains sphingolipids which stimulate DNA synthesis(More)
Lipids, especially sphingolipids, are emerging as inducer of apoptosis in a wide range of immortal cells, potentiating their therapeutic application in cancer. In the present study, a sphingolipid rich lipid fraction (denoted here as ALL), isolated from an attenuated strain of Leishmania donovani promastigote, was tested for its tumoricidal activity taking(More)
Recent advances in the identification and characterisation of stem cell populations has led to substantial interest in understanding the precise triggers that would operate to induce activation of quiescent stem cells. Melanocyte stem cells (MSCs) reside in the bulge region of the hair follicles and are characterised by reduced expression of the(More)
The sphingolipids, a class of complex bioactive lipids, are involved in diverse cellular functions such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis as well as growth inhibition. Recently sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC), sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), and C2-ceramide (C2-Cer), sphingolipid containing acetic acid are emerging as melanogenic regulators.(More)
Placental protein/peptides as biological response modifier are well documented, but not much known about melanogenesis. We possibly for the first time, demonstrated melanogenesis in B16F10 mouse melanoma by a placental protein/peptide fraction (PPPF) prepared from a hydroalcoholic extract of fresh term human placenta. This study described the effect of PPPF(More)
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