Bichitra Kumar Biswal

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Crystal structures of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase genotype 2a of hepatitis C virus (HCV) from two crystal forms have been determined. Similar to the three-dimensional structures of HCV polymerase genotype 1b and other known polymerases, the structures of the HCV polymerase genotype 2a in both crystal forms can be depicted in the classical right-hand(More)
Imidazoleglycerol-phosphate dehydratase (IGPD; HisB), which catalyses the conversion of imidazoleglycerol-phosphate (IGP) to imidazoleacetol-phosphate in the histidine biosynthesis pathway, is absent in mammals. This feature makes it an attractive target for herbicide discovery. Here, the crystal structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) IGPD is(More)
Zona pellucida (ZP) is a glycoproteinaceous translucent matrix that surrounds the mammalian oocyte and plays a critical role in the accomplishment of fertilization. In humans, it is composed of 4 glycoproteins designated as ZP1, ZP2, ZP3 and ZP4, whereas mouse ZP is composed of ZP1, ZP2 and ZP3 (Zp4 being a pseudogene). In addition to a variable sequence(More)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (NS5B) from hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a key enzyme in HCV replication. NS5B is a major target for the development of antiviral compounds directed against HCV. Here we present the structures of three thiophene-based non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) bound non-covalently to NS5B. Each of the inhibitors binds to NS5B(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis epoxide hydrolases A and B, corresponding to open reading frames Rv3617 and Rv1938, are detoxification enzymes against epoxides. The recombinant forms of these enzymes have been expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Diffraction-quality crystals of Rv3617 and Rv1938 were obtained by the hanging-drop(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory and disabling joint disease affecting 0.5-1.5% of the population. Although various anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) and disease-modifying (DMARDs) drugs are in clinical use, their precise mechanisms of action are not always defined. In this report, we discuss the effects of widely used DMARDs such as gold derivatives and(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the intracellular pathogen that infects macrophages primarily, is the causative agent of the infectious disease tuberculosis in humans. The Mtb genome encodes at least six epoxide hydrolases (EHs A to F). EHs convert epoxides to trans-dihydrodiols and have roles in drug metabolism as well as in the processing of signaling(More)
The crystal structure of a conserved hypothetical protein corresponding to open reading frame Rv2074 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has been solved by the two-wavelength anomalous dispersion method. Refinement of the molecular structure at 1.6 angstroms resolution resulted in an R(work) of 0.178 and an R(free) of 0.204. The crystal asymmetric unit(More)
The X-ray crystal structure of a conserved hypothetical protein of molecular weight 16.3 kDa from Mycobacterium tuberculosis corresponding to open reading frame (ORF) Rv1155 has been solved by the multiwavelength anomalous dispersion method and refined at 1.8 A resolution. The crystal structure revealed that Rv1155 is a dimer in the crystal and that each(More)
HisC2 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis was overexpressed in M. smegmatis and purified to homogeneity using nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid metal-affinity and gel-filtration chromatography. Diffraction-quality crystals were grown using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique from a condition consisting of 7 mg ml(-1) HisC2 (in 20 mM Tris pH 8.8, 50 mM NaCl(More)