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Estimation of an unstructured covariance matrix is difficult because of its positivedefiniteness constraint. This obstacle is removed by regressing each variable on its predecessors, so that estimation of a covariance matrix is shown to be equivalent to that of estimating a sequence of varying-coefficient and varying-order regression models. Our framework(More)
In this paper we provide a detailed characterization of the asymptotic behavior of kernel density estimators for one-sided linear processes. The conjecture that asymptotic normality for the kernel density estimator holds under short-range dependence is proved under minimal assumptions on bandwidths. We also depict the dichotomous and trichotomous phenomena(More)
Parasitism in flowering plants has evolved at least 11 times [1]. Only one family, Orobanchaceae, comprises all major nutritional types of parasites: facultative, hemiparasitic (partially photosynthetic), and holoparasitic (nonphotosynthetic) [2]. Additionally, the family includes Lindenbergia, a nonparasitic genus sister to all parasitic Orobanchaceae(More)
CCR5 serves as an essential coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry, and individuals with a CCR5(Δ32) variant appear to be healthy, making CCR5 an attractive target for control of HIV-1 infection. The CRISPR/Cas9, which functions as a naturally existing adaptive immune system in prokaryotes, has been recently harnessed as a novel(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 is considered as the guardian of the genome which is activated following genotoxic stress. In many cell types, p53 mediates G1 cell cycle arrest as the predominant cellular response. Inactivation of wild-type p53 leads to loss of G1/S checkpoint control and to genomic instability, including increased spontaneous homologous(More)
Aim:Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the major polyphenolic constituent in green tea. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EGCG on proliferation and migration of the human colon cancer SW620 cells.Methods:Proliferation and migration of SW620 cells were induced by the protease-activated receptor 2-agonist peptide (PAR2-AP, 100 μmol/L)(More)
Host genetic resistance is a key component of integrated pest management. The present authors and others are investigating the use of RNA interference (RNAi) as a genetic tool for engineering host resistance against parasitic weeds. The general approach is to transform a host plant with a plasmid encoding a double stranded hairpin RNA (hpRNA) targeted(More)
Our previous study has demonstrated that tissue factor–factor VIIa (TF/FVIIa) complex promotes the proliferation and migration of colon cancer cell line SW620 through the activation of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). In the current study, the underlying molecular mechanisms of TF/FVIIa/PAR2 signaling in SW620 cells were further explored, with the(More)
The superfluidity of Bose-Einstein condensates ~BECs! in optical lattices is investigated. Apart from the usual Landau instability, which occurs when a BEC flows faster than the speed of sound, the BEC can also suffer a dynamical instability, resulting in period doubling and other sorts of symmetry breaking of the system. Such an instability plays a crucial(More)