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PURPOSE Tenotomy and tenodesis are both effective for the treatment of long head biceps lesions. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the two procedures in patients older than 55 years of age affected by reparable rotator cuff tears with concomitant long head biceps pathologies. METHODS Patients older than 55 years of age with(More)
During the past decade it became evident that anaerobic cultivation-based approaches provides an incomplete picture of the microbial diversity in the GI tract, since at present only a minority of microbes can be obtained in culture. The application of molecular, mainly 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-based approaches enables researchers to bypass the cultivation(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Over the past decade, heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms of down-regulation Hsp90 expression in osteosarcoma are incompletely understood. To develop potential therapy targeting Heat shock protein 90B1 (Hsp90B1), we studied the roles of miR- 223 in the(More)
PURPOSE Patellofemoral pathology is common, and patellofemoral dislocation mainly affects adolescents and young adults. We conducted a meta-analysis exclusively of RCTs to compare the clinical outcomes of patellar dislocation patients managed operatively versus non-operatively. METHODS After systematic review of electronic databases and websites, a total(More)
The mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) supernatant is well known as a rich source of autologous cytokines and universally used for tissue regeneration in current clinical medicine. However, the limitation of conditioned medium used in open-wound repair compels the need to find a more sophisticated way to take advantage of the trophic factors of MSCs. We have now(More)
Adult stem cells exist in various tissues and organs and have the potential to differentiate into different cell lineages, including bone, cartilage, fat, tendon, muscle, and epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we report that the in vitro expanded and purified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) might take on phenotypes with(More)
In the past 10 years, many engineered growth factors, including recombinant human epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor, have been produced and used in the clinic. After screening the results from different centers, some results are found to be encouraging, while others are discouraging. Although the(More)
BACKGROUND The deposition of self-assembled amyloidogenic proteins is associated with multiple diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The toxic misfolding and self-assembling of amyloidogenic proteins are believed to underlie protein misfolding diseases. Novel drug candidates targeting self-assembled(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been optimal targets in the development of cell based therapies, but their limited availability and high death rate after transplantation remains a concern in clinical applications. This study describes novel effects of platelet rich clot releasate (PRCR) on rat bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs), with the former driving a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into skin appandence. METHODS Porcine MSCs were isolated from porcine marrow and grown in vitro. After labeling with BrdU, MSCs were engrafted to porcine skin. At 1, 2, 4 weeks after the transplantation, immunohistochemical examinations were carried(More)