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Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) synthesis by 3-aminobenzamide in various human and hamster cells influenced the responses to DNA damage from methyl methanesulfonate, but not from ultraviolet light. After exposure to methyl methanesulfonate, 3-aminobenzamide increased the strand break frequency in all cell types studied, but only stimulated repair replication(More)
7 strains of human primary fibroblasts were chosen from the complementation groups A through G of xeroderma pigmentosum; these strains are UV-sensitive and deficient in excision repair of UV damage on the criterion of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS). They were compared with normal human fibroblasts and one xeroderma pigmentosum variant with regard to their(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) cells are deficient in the repair of damage induced by ultraviolet irradiation. Excision-repair-deficient XP cell strains have been classified into 7 distinct complementation groups, according to results of studies on cell fusion and UV irradiation. XP cells are not only abnormally sensitive to UV, but also to a variety of(More)
Cells from a xeroderma pigmentosum patient XP2BI who has reached 17 years of age with no keratoses or skin tumours constitute a new, 7th complementation group G. These cells exhibit a low residual level of excision repair, 2% of normal after a UV dose of 5 J/m2 and an impairment of post-replication repair characteristic of excision-defective XPs. They are(More)
The xeroderma pigmentosum fibroblast strains XP2RO, complementation group E, and XP23OS, group F, were compared with normal human primary fibroblasts with regard to repair of damage induced by 254-nm UV. In XP2RO cells, repair DNA synthesis, measured by autoradiography (unscheduled DNA synthesis = UDS), was about 50% of the value found in normal human(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) occurs with high frequency in Egypt and a continuation of our field studies has identified representatives of the 3 major complementation groups A, C, and variant. Group A patients, with one exception, showed very early onset of sun sensitivity and development of skin cancers, and microcephaly and mental retardation. The(More)
To unravel the genetic basis for the pepsinogen A (PGA) protein polymorphism, we have isolated and characterized a number of PGA genes, distinguishable by polymorphic EcoRI fragments of 12.0, 15.0, and 16.6 kb. Using a HindIII or AvaII polymorphism, we can discriminate between different 15.0 (15.0 and 15.0*) and 12.0 (12.0s and 12.0l) genes, respectively.(More)
A 0.9kb cDNA fragment, corresponding to a large part of Rhesus monkey pepsinogen A mRNA, was used as probe for the chromosomal localization of the human pepsinogen A gene(s) using human-rodent somatic cell hybrids. Southern blot analysis of 14 human-Chinese hamster and three human-mouse cell hybrids, strongly indicates that the human PGA locus is on(More)