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The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) conducted a prospective randomized trial to evaluate the role of warfarin and alternating chemotherapy in extensive small-cell lung cancer (SCCL). After stratification for sex and performance status, patients were randomly assigned to receive chemotherapy with methotrexate, doxorubicin (Adriamycin; Adria Laboratories,(More)
Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) accrued 1,745 patients with limited (LD) or extensive (ED) small-cell lung cancer (SCCL) to five separate trials between 1972 and 1986. We reviewed these data to evaluate the impact of pretreatment prognostic factors on outcome. In multivariate analysis, female gender was predictive of improved response (LD, P = .01; ED,(More)
We conducted a prospective, randomized study to clarify the role of radiotherapy of the primary tumor in limited small-cell cancer of the lung. After stratification for sex and for performance score based on the ability to ambulate, patients were randomly assigned to receive initial radiotherapy plus chemotherapy, delayed radiotherapy plus chemotherapy, or(More)
Four intravenous (IV) alkylating agent regimens were tested in 615 previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma. Patients were randomized to receive melphalan, cyclophosphamide, and carmustine in combination (MCBP), sequentially (Seq-MCBP), or in combination with doxorubicin (MCBPA). The fourth group received IV melphalan (MP) as the only alkylating(More)
Patients who have received radiation to localized areas of marrow eventually regenerate marrow in the irradiated area, if the dose is 2,400 centigrays (cGy) or less. This trial was designed to deliver a radiation dose of 1500 cGy to all marrow containing sites in patients with multiple myeloma, a technique we refer to as total bone marrow irradiation, or(More)
In humans, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has become widely applied to overcome infertility. In addition to its clinical usefulness, ICSI is also a valuable research tool for studying fundamental aspects of gamete interaction during fertilization. Oocyte activation is a prerequisite for decondensation of the sperm head and formation of the male(More)
During final maturation (between LH surge and ovulation) in vivo, a switch from oestradiol to progesterone dominance within the follicle is well described. The aim was to mimic the in vivo situation during in vitro maturation via the supplementation of different gonadotropins. Groups of 30 cumulus-oocyte complex (abattoir-derived ovaries) were matured in(More)
The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) utilized a randomized phase II trial design to evaluate two cisplatin-based combinations, cisplatin-cytarabine (ara-C) and cisplatin-vinblastine, in 151 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Patients entered on study had not received prior chemotherapy. Platinum doses were equivalent in the two treatment(More)
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