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PURPOSE The hypothesis addressed by this study is that a glutamine synthetase (GS) deficiency in neoplastic astrocytes is a possible molecular basis associated with seizure generation in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS Quantitative Western blot analysis of GS was performed in 20 individuals operated for malignant glioma. RESULTS The levels of GS(More)
Oligoastrocytomas are mixed gliomas harboring different genetic alterations and with heterogeneous clinical evolution. We have looked for correlations between genetic losses and clinical evolution in 34 oligoastrocytomas. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) with different microsatellite markers was studied on chromosomes 1p, 10q, 17p, and 19q. LOH on 1p was found(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rat (SHRSP) is an animal model for a complex form of cerebrovascular pathology. MRI provides an efficient and noninvasive tool for studying the time course of brain damage. The aim of this study was to gain new insights into the pathological phenomena responsible for the occurrence of brain(More)
PURPOSE A prospective study of patients with glioma was carried out. Special attention was paid to the first seizure, to the histology, and to the efficacy and prophylactic role of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Prognostic factors were analyzed. METHODS Between February 1st 2004 and April 1st 2006 patients who underwent surgical treatment at the Neurosurgery(More)
BACKGROUND Fluorescein is widely used as a fluorescent tracer for many applications. Its capability to accumulate in cerebral areas with blood-brain barrier damage makes it an ideal dye for intraoperative visualization of malignant gliomas (MG). We report our preliminary experience in fluorescein-guided removal of grade IV gliomas using a dedicated filter(More)
OBJECT Fluorescein, a dye that is widely used as a fluorescent tracer, accumulates in cerebral areas where the blood-brain barrier is damaged. This quality makes it an ideal dye for the intraoperative visualization of high-grade gliomas (HGGs). The authors report their experience with a new fluorescein-guided technique for the resection of HGGs using a(More)
Chemotherapy in glioma is poorly effective: the blood-brain barrier and intrinsic and/or acquired drug resistance of tumor cells could partly explain this lack of major effect. We investigated expression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 1, MRP3, MRP5 and glutathione-S-transferase pi (GST-pi) in malignant glioma patients.(More)
L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria is a rare metabolic encephalopathy displaying a subcortical leukoencephalopathy on MRI. Diagnosis rests on detection of an abnormal accumulation of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in body fluids. The authors report on four patients who developed a malignant brain tumor during the course of the disease. This association points to a(More)
The prognostic value of a series of histologic signs and clinical features was studied in a series of 298 ependymomas, collected from different institutions. The distribution of tumor sites varied in relation to patient age, with infratentorial cases prevailing under 4 years. Life table univariate analysis demonstrated as highly significant prognostic(More)
Pediatric brain tumors may originate from cells endowed with neural stem/precursor cell properties, growing in vitro as neurospheres. We have found that these cells can also be present in adult brain tumors and form highly infiltrating gliomas in the brain of immunodeficient mice. Neurospheres were grown from three adult brain tumors and two pediatric(More)